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Types of Banks in India


The History of banking in India dates back to the early half of the 18th century. 3 Presidency Banks that were established in the country namely the Bank of Hindustan, Bank of Madras and Bank of Bombay can also be referred to as some of the oldest banking institutions in the country.

The State Bank of India that was earlier known as the Bank of Bengal is also one of the oldest in the genre. 

All types of Banks in India are regulated and the activities monitored by a standard bank called the Reserve Bank of India(RBI) that stands at the apex of the banking structure. 

RBI is also called the Central Bank, as major banking decisions are taken at this level. The other types of banks in India are placed below this bank in the hierarchy.

Public sector banks in India
  1. All government owned banks fall in this variety. 
  2. Besides the Reserve Bank of India, the State Bank of India and its associate banks and about 19 nationalized banks, all comprises of the public sector banks. 
  3. Many of the regional rural banks that are funded by the government banks can also be clubbed in this genre.
Private sector banks in India
  1. A new wave in the banking industry came about with the private sector banks in India. With policies on liberalization being generously taken up, these private banks were established in the country that also contributed heavily towards the growth of the economy and also offering numerous services to its customers. 
  2. Some of the most popular banks in this genre are: Axis Bank, Bank of Rajasthan, Catholic Syrian Bank, Federal Bank, HDFC Bank, ICICI Bank, ING Vysya Bank, Kotak Mahindra Bank and SBI Commercial and International Bank. 
  3. The Foreign Banks in India like HSBC, Citibank, and Standard Chartered bank etc can also be clubbed here.
Cooperative banks in India
With the aim to specifically cater to the rural population, the cooperative banks in India were set up through the country. 
Issues like agricultural credit and the likes are taken care of by these banks.


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