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Population - Important Points



- A population is all the organisms that both belong to the same species and live in the same geographical area.


- Population refers to a collection of human beings.


- Demography is a sociological discipline which entails the statistical study of human populations.


- July 11th is Population Day.


- Census is the collection of population data.


- First population census conducted in 1872 in "Lord Moyoo Period"


- India is following decennial Census ( for every 10 Years )


- Up to 2001 , Population Census was conducted 14 times.


- At present, Population Census 2011 is going on. It is 15th census.


The 2001 census data is not added here, the updated one ie: 2011 will be added once the census is released


Aadhaar



Aadhaar is a 12-digit unique number which the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) will issue for all residents in India.
 

The number will be store basic demographics and biometric information – photograph, ten fingerprints and iris – of each individual in a central database.


Aadhaar will be Easily verifiable. Unique and robust enough to eliminate the large number of duplicate and fake identities in government and private databases.


A random number generated, devoid of any classification based on caste, creed, religion and geography.


* It is a 12 digit number, not only a card


* It is for every individual, including infants. Means each individual of family will have separate Aadhaar UID number


* It enables identification and is for every resident. It doesn’t establishes citizenship and is not only for Indians.


* Getting Aadhaar is voluntary, not mandatory


* It is for every resident, irrespective of existing documentation. Means individuals without identification documents can also get Aadhaar.


* Each individual will be given a single unique Aadhaar ID number. One cannot have multiple Aadhaar numbers.


* Aadhaar UID number can be used by ration card, passport or any ID based application. It will not replace other ID’s.


* UID Authority of India will give ‘yes’ or ‘no’ response for any identification authentication queries. Other information will not be accessible to public and private agencies.



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