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Nobel Prize

The Nobel Prizes are annual international awards bestowed by Scandinavian committees in recognition of cultural and scientific advances.

The will of the Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel, the inventor of dynamite, established the prizes in 1895. The prizes in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace were first awarded in 1901.

The Peace Prize is awarded in Oslo, Norway, while the other prizes are awarded in Stockholm, Sweden. Each Nobel Prize is regarded as the most prestigious award in its field.

In 1968, Sveriges Riksbank instituted an award that is often associated with the Nobel prizes, the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel.

The first such prize was awarded in 1969. Although it is not an official Nobel Prize, its announcements and presentations are made along with the other prizes.

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences awards the Nobel Prize in Physics, the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, and the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences. The Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet awards the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.

The Swedish Academy grants the Nobel Prize in Literature. The Nobel Peace Prize is not awarded by a Swedish organisation but by the Norwegian Nobel Committee.

Each recipient, or laureate, receives a gold medal, a diploma, and a sum of money which depends on the Nobel Foundation's income that year.

Nobel Laureates from India :

  • Abhijit Banerjee*, born in Mumbai, Economics, 2019
  • Kailash Satyarthi, Peace, 2014
  • Venkatraman Ramakrishnan*, Chemistry, 2009
  • Amartya Sen, Economics, 1998
  • Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar*, Physics, 1983
  • Mother Teresaborn in then Ottoman Empire, now North Macedonia, Peace, 1979
  • Har Gobind Khorana*, Medicine, 1968
  • C. V. Raman, Physics, 1930
  • Rabindranath Tagore, Literature, 1913
  • Rudyard Kipling*, Literature, 1907
  • Ronald Ross*, Medicine, 1902
*  Citizen of foreign country.

Nobel Prizes and Laureates 2019 :

Nobel Laureates Field Contribution
1.) William G. Kaelin Jr,
2.) Peter J. Ratcliffe and
3.) Gregg L. Semenza
Physiology or Medicine Discovered how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability.
1.) James Peebles,
2.) Michel Mayor and
3.) Didier Queloz
Physics James Peebles: theoretical discoveries in physical cosmology And Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz discovered an exoplanet orbiting a solar-type star.
1.) John B. Goodenough,
2.) M. Stanley Whittingham
3.) Akira Yoshino
Chemistry Discovered the development of lithium-ion batteries.
Peter Handke Literature Discovered an influential work that with linguistic ingenuity has explored the periphery and the specificity of human experience.
Abiy Ahmed Ali Peace For his efforts to achieve peace and international cooperation, and in particular for his decisive initiative to resolve the border conflict with neighboring Eritrea.
1.) Abhijit Banerjee,
2.) Esther Duflo and
3.) Michael Kremer
Economic Sciences For their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty.

Last updated on: 24/10/2019


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