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Religions in India


India is a secular state with no state religion.

The Indian subcontinent is the birthplace of four of the world's major religions; namely Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism.

According to the 2011 census, 79.8% of the population of India practices Hinduism, 14.2% adheres to Islam, 2.3% adheres to Christianity, 1.7% adheres to Sikhism, and 0.7% adheres to Buddhism.

Zoroastrianism, Sanamahism and Judaism also have an ancient history in India, and each has several thousands of Indian adherents.

India has the largest population of people adhering to Zoroastrianism (i.e. Parsis and Iranis) and Bahai Faith in the world, even though these religions initially grew in Persia.

The Constitution of India has declared the right to freedom of religion to be a fundamental right.

Allahabad (officially known as Prayagraj) hosts the world's largest religious pilgrimage, Prayag Kumbh Mela, where Hindus from across the world come together to bathe in the confluence of three sacred rivers of India: the Ganga, the Yamuna, and the Saraswati.

The Indian diaspora in the West has popularised many aspects of Hindu philosophy such as yoga, meditation, Ayurvedic medicine, divination, karma, and reincarnation.

The Indian subcontinent also contains the largest population of Muslims in the world, with about one-third of all Muslims being from South Asia.

By 2050, the Muslim population of India is projected to grow to 311 million and surpass Indonesia to become the world's largest Muslim population, although India will retain a Hindu majority (about 77%).

Being the cradle of Ahmadiyya Islam, India is one of the countries in the world with at least 2 million Ahmadi Muslims. The shrines of some of the most famous saints of Sufism, like Moinuddin Chishti and Nizamuddin Auliya, are found in India, and attract visitors from all over the world.

India is also home to some of the most famous monuments of Islamic architecture, such as the Taj Mahal and the Qutb Minar. Civil matters related to the community are dealt with by the Muslim Personal Law, and constitutional amendments in 1985 established its primacy in family matters.

Name of Religion Population
HINDUISM 79.8%
ISLAM about 14.2%
CHRISTIANITY about 2.3%
SIKHISM about 1.7%
BUDDHISM about 0.7%
JAINISM about 0.7%
ZOROASTRIANISM about 0.01%
JUDAISM about 0.0005%


Last updated on: 30/09/2019

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