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The super computers



A supercomputer is focused on performing tasks involving intense numerical calculations such as weather forecasting, fluid dynamics, nuclear simulations, theoretical astrophysics, and complex scientific computations. 

A supercomputer is a computer that is at the front line of current processing capacity, particularly speed of calculation.

Supercomputer processing speeds are measured in floating point operations per second or FLOPS. An example of a floating point operation is the calculation of mathematical equations in real numbers. 

In terms of computational capability, memory size and speed, I/O technology, and topological issues such as bandwidth and latency, supercomputers are the most powerful, are very expensive, and not cost-effective just to perform batch or transaction processing.

Important points:
  • The Cray - 1 is the first Super Computer. It was designed and built by Seymour Cray in 1976.

  • The First Multiprocessor super computer is Cray X-MP. It was developed in 1988.

  • The first wireless super computer is Cray-T 90.

  • In India, BARC, since 1991 is involved in developing series of parellel computing architectures to meet high performance computing needs of in-house researchers.

  • Super Computers developed in India are - PARAM, ANUPAM, MTPPS, PACE, CHIPPS, FLOSOLVER MK5.

  • In 2001, India developed 'Param Padma'. It was developed after four years of research at a cost of Rs. 50 crore.

Last updated on: 02/10/2019

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