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Assam also, rarely, Assam Valley and formerly the Assam Province (British India), is a northeastern state of India and is one of the most culturally and geographically distinct regions of the country.

Assam has its capital as Dispur, an especialized city circuit region located on the outskirts of its largest metropolis, Guwahati

Assam is divided into 27 administrative districts. These districts are further sub-divided into 49 “Sub-divisions” or Mohkuma.

Assam was known as Pragjyotisha or the place of eastern astronomy during the epic period (Mahabharata) and later named as Kamrupa in the 1st millennium.

Assam is the home of Kalicharan Mech, a Bodo Hindu who stopped the British Christian missionaries, spread ahimsa and vegetarianism. He was deeply influenced by the Brahmo Samaj. He later became known as "Gurudev Kalicharan Brahmachari" or "Guru Brahma". His principles were established as the Brahma Dharma.

On 27 February 2006, the Government of Assam started a process to change the name of the state to Asom or Axom.

Assam is surrounded by six of the other Seven Sister States: Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura and Meghalaya.
These states are connected to the rest of India via a narrow strip in West Bengal called the Siliguri Corridor or "Chicken's Neck".

Assam also shares international borders with Bhutan and Bangladesh.

Geomorphic studies conclude that the Brahmaputra, the life-line of Assam is an antecedent river, older than the Himalayas.

Assam is known for her rich forest wealth which constituted 22.21 per cent of the total forest area.

Assam is one of the richest biodiversity zones in the world and consists of tropical rainforests, deciduous forests, riverine grasslands, bamboo orchards and numerous wetland ecosystems.

The State has five National Parks and eleven wildlife sanctuaries. The Kaziranga National Park, home of the rare Indian Rhinoceros, and Manas National Park are two UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Assam.

The state has the largest population of the Wild Water Buffalo in the world.

The state also has the highest diversity of birds in India with around 820 species With subspecies the number is as high as 946.

The mammal diversity in Assam is also high with around 190 species.

Assam has rich tradition of performing arts. Ankiya Nat (Onkeeya Naat) is a traditional Vaishnav dance-drama (Bhaona) form popular since 15th century AD.

Assam is the home of several types of silks, the most prestigious are: Muga – the natural golden silk, Pat – a creamy-bright-silver coloured silk and Eri – a variety used for manufacturing warm clothes for winter. Apart from Sualkuchi (Xualkuchi), the centre for the traditional silk industry, in almost every parts of the Brahmaputra Valley.

Muga silk is produced only in Assam in the world.

Assam has an exclusive range of colourful festivals. Bihu is the chief festival celebrated on the three occasions. Rongali Bihu or Bohag Bihu marks the advent of the cropping season and it also ushers in the Assamese New Year. Bhogali Bihu or Magh Bihu is the harvest festival and Kati Bihu or Kongali Bihu coming in autumn is a simple affair.

Religion accounts for a large variety of festivals. Vaishnavites observe birth and death anniversaries of prominent Vaishnava saints through day-long singing of hymns and staging of Bhaonas (theatrical performances in traditional style). Ambubachi in Kamakhya shrine, Sivaratri Mela at Umananda and other places near Siva temples, Durga Puja, Diwali, Dol-Jatra, Id, Christmas, Ashokastami Mela, Rash Mela, Parasuram Mela are other religious festivals.

Assam at a glance
Area 78,438
Capital Dispur
Districts 27
Language Assamese
Assembly Seats 126
Lok Sabha seats 14
Rajya Sabha seats 7
Judiciary High Court of Guwahati at Guwahati
State January 21



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