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Bihar



Bihar is the 12th largest state in terms of geographical size at 98,940 sq.km and 3rd largest by population.

The total area covered by the state of Bihar is 94,163 km². the state is located between 21°-58'-10" N ~ 27°-31'-15" N latitude and between 83°-19'-50" E ~ 88°-17'-40" E longitude.

Its average elevation above sea level is 173 feet (53 m).

Its capital Patna, earlier known as Pataliputra, was an important centre of Indian civilization.

The state is divided into 09 divisions and 38 districts, for administrative purposes.

Almost 58% of Biharis are below the age of 25, which is the highest proportion in India.

Bihar lies mid-way between West Bengal in the east and Uttar Pradesh in the west. It is bounded by the country of Nepal to the north and by Jharkhand to the south.

Bihar has notified forest area of 6,764.14 km², which is 6.8% of its geographical area. Hindi and Urdu are the official languages of the state, while the majority of the people speak Angika, Bhojpuri, Magadhi, Maithili and Bajjika.

Nalanda was a centre of learning established by the 5th century CE in Bihar, which is also counted among the oldest and truly international universities, where people all over the world came for study.

Bihar has distinction of giving the world its first democracy through Lichchivi (modern days Vaishali) during ancient era.

The greatest Indian empire, the Mauryan empire, originated from Magadha in 325 BC, it was started by Chandragupta Maurya who was born in Magadha, and had its capital at Patliputra (modern Patna).

The Mauryan Emperor, Ashoka, who was born in Patliputra (Patna) is believed to be one of the greatest rulers in the history of India and the world.

The state of Jharkhand was carved out of Bihar in the year 2000.

Valmiki National Park, West Champaran district, covering about 800 km² of forest, is the 18th Tiger Reserve of India and is ranked fourth in terms of density of tiger population.

Earlier , the states of Bihar and Orissa were born on March 22, 1912 after the bifurcation of Bengal. Orissa was separated Bihar.

Babu Kunwar Singh of Jagdishpur and his army, as well as countless other persons from Bihar, contributed to the India's First War of Independence (1857), also called the Sepoy Mutiny by some historians. Resurgence in the history of Bihar came during the struggle for India's independence.

It was from Bihar that Mahatma Gandhi launched his pioneering civil-disobedience movement, Champaran Satyagraha.

Bihar at a glance
Area 94,163 sq km
Capital Patna
No. of Districts 38
Language Hindi
Assembly seats 243
Lok Sabha seats 40
Rajya Sabha seats 16
Judiciary High Court of Patna at Patna
State Day December 12

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