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Biosphere Reserves of India


The Indian government has established 18 Biosphere Reserves of India, which protect larger areas of natural habitat (than a National Park or Animal Sanctuary), and often include one or more National Parks and/or preserves, along buffer zones that are open to some economic uses.

Nine of the eighteen biosphere reserves are a part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves, based on the UNESCO Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme list.

NameStatesYear
Nilgiri Biosphere ReserveTamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka2000
Gulf of Mannar Biosphere ReserveTamil Nadu2001
Sundarbans Biosphere ReserveWest Bengal2001
Nanda Devi Biosphere ReserveUttarakhand2004
Nokrek Biosphere ReserveMeghalaya2009
Pachmarhi Biosphere ReserveMadhya Pradesh2009
Simlipal Biosphere ReserveOdisha2008
Achanakmar-Amarkantak Biosphere ReserveChhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh2012
Nicobar IslandsAndaman and Nicobar Islands2013
In 2009, India designated Cold Desert of Himachal Pradesh as a biosphere reserve.

On September 20, 2010, the Ministry of Environment and Forests designated Seshachalam Hills as the 17th biosphere reserve.

Panna (Madhya Pradesh) was scheduled to become the 18th on August 25, 2011.

Biosphere reserves of India (area wise) :

YearNameLocationStateTypeArea (km²)
2008Great Rann of KutchPart of Kutch, Rajkot and Surendranagar DistrictsGujaratDesert12454
1989Gulf of MannarIndian part of Gulf of Mannar between India and Sri LankaTamil NaduCoasts10500
1989SunderbansPart of delta of Ganges and Barahamaputra river systemWest BengalGangetic Delta9630
1988Nanda DeviParts of Chamoli District, Pithoragarh District and Bageshwar DistrictUttarakhandWest Himalayas5860
1986Nilgiri Biosphere ReservePart of Wynad, Nagarhole, Bandipur and Mudumalai, Nilambur, Silent Valley and Siruvani HillsTamil Nadu, Kerala and KarnatakaWestern Ghats5520
1998Dehang DebangPart of Siang and Dibang ValleyArunachal PradeshEast Himalayas5112
1999Pachmarhi Biosphere ReserveParts of Betul District, Hoshangabad District and Chhindwara DistrictMadhya PradeshSemi-Arid4926
1994SimlipalPart of Mayurbhanj districtOrissaDeccan Peninsula4374
2005Achanakamar - AmarkantakPart of Annupur, Dindori and Bilaspur districtsMadhya Pradesh, ChattisgarhMaikala Range3835
1989ManasPart of Kokrajhar, Bongaigaon, Barpeta, Nalbari, Kamrup and Darrang DistrictsAssamEast Himalayas2837
2000KanchanjungaParts of Kanchanjunga HillsSikkimEast Himalayas2620
2001AgasthyamalaiBiosphere ReserveNeyyar, Peppara and Shenduruny Wildlife Sanctuary and their adjoining areasKeralaWestern ghats1828
1989Great NicobarBiosphere ReserveSouthern most islands of Andaman and Nicobar IslandsAndaman and Nicobar IslandsIslands885
1988NokrekPart of Garo HillsMeghalayaEast Himalayas820
1997Dibru-SaikhowaPart of Dibrugarh and Tinsukia districtsAssamEast Himalayas765
2009Cold DesertPin Valley National Park and surroundings;Chandratal and Sarchu & Kibber Wildlife SancturaryHimachal PradeshWestern Himalayas7770
2010Seshachalam HillsSeshachalam Hill Ranges covering parts of Chittoor and Kadapa districtsAndhra PradeshEastern Ghats4755.997
2011PannaPart of Panna and Chattarpur DistrictsMadhya Pradeshcatchment area of the Ken River543
Last updated on: 01/10/2019
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