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Chandigarh


Chandigarh is a union territory of India that serves as the capital of two states, Haryana and Punjab.

Chandigarh and the area surrounding it were constituted as a Union Territory on 1 November 1966.

It is bound on North and West by Punjab and on the East and South by Haryana.

The name Chandigarh translates as "The Fort of Chandi". The name is from an ancient temple called Chandi Mandir, devoted to the Hindu goddess Chandi, in the city.

It is occasionally referred to as The City Beautiful.

As the first planned city of India, Chandigarh is known internationally for its architecture and urban planning.

Chandigarh is home to numerous architectural projects of Le Corbusier, Pierre Jeanneret, Matthew Nowicki, and Albert Mayer.

The city tops the list of Indian States and Union Territories with the highest per capita income in the country.

As per a study conducted by Ministry of Urban Development, Chandigarh has emerged as the cleanest city in India.

There are numerous display gardens across the city, including the Rock Garden that is built from mostly from waste material and the Rose Garden. Other gardens include Garden of Annuals, Fragrance Garden, Hibiscus Garden, Chrysanthemum Garden, Botanical Garden and Shanti Kunj.

Chandigarh's Capitol Complex was in July 2016 declared by UNESCO as World Heritage at the 40th session of World Heritage Conference held in Istanbul. UNESCO inscription was under "The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier an outstanding contribution to the Modern Movement". The Capitol Complex buildings include the Punjab and Haryana High Court, Punjab and Haryana Secretariat and Punjab and Haryana Assembly along with monuments Open hand, Martyrs Memorial, Geometric Hill and Tower of Shadow and the Rock Garden.

The city has one of the highest per capita incomes in the country. The union territory also heads the list of Indian states and territories according to Human Development Index.

In 2015, a survey by LG Electronics, ranked it as the happiest city in India over the happiness index.


Chandigarh
Area 114 sq km
Population 10,54,686
Capital Chandigarh
No. of Districts 1
Principal Language Hindi, Punjabi, English
Assembly seats None
Lok Sabha seats 1
Rajya Sabha seats None
Judiciary High Court of Punjab & Haryana
at Chandigarh
Emblem Open Hand Emblem
Mammal Indian grey mongoose
Bird Indian grey hornbill
Flower Dhak
Fruit Mango
Tree Mango Tree


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