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Chhattisgarh



Chhattisgarh, carved out of Madhya Pradesh came into being on 1 November 2000 as the 26th State of the Union.

In ancient times the region was known as Dakshin-Kausal. This finds mention in Ramayana and Mahabharata also.

With the advent of the British in 1845, Raipur gained prominence instead of capital Ratanpur. In 1904 Sambalpur was transferred to Orissa and estates of Sarguja were transferred from Bengal to Chhattisgarh.

Chhattisgarh is bounded by southern Jharkhand and Orissa in the east, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra in the west, Uttar Pradesh and western Jharkhand in the north and Andhra Pradesh in the south.

Areawise -  Chhattisgarh is the ninth largest State.

Population - wise it is seventeenth State of the nation.

Twenty per cent of the country's steel and cement is produced in the State. It is the only tin ore producing State in the country.

Many Government of India Undertakings like Bhilai Steel Plant, National Mineral Development Corporation, south-eastern Coal Field Limited, NTPC and a number of large cement plants by groups like ACC, Gujarat Ambuja, Grasim, CCI and La-farge of France and 53 steel projects (sponge iron/pig iron route) in private sector are also under different stages of implementation.

There are approximately 133 steel re-rolling mills and a number of mini steel plants.

The State also boasts of 11 ferro-alloy units, steel/cast iron casting units, engineering and fabrication units apart from large number of agro-based and food processing, chemical, plastic, construction material and forest produce based units.

Bastar district, with its unique cultural and ecological identity is the biggest district.

Chhattisgarh accounts for more than 70% of India's total production of tendu leaves that are used for making bidis.

Sirpur is proposed world heritage site and Malhar, are of historical significance, as they were visited by 'Xuanzang', the Chinese historian.

Achanakmar wildlife sanctuary in Bilaspur district, Gamarda Reserve forest at Sarangarh in Raigarh district, Indravati National Park and Kanger valley national park in Bastar district and Barnawapara Wildlife Sanctuary in Mahasamund district are good places for eco-tourism

A hot spring (Taat pani) flows in Sarguja district. This hot spring flows continuously through the year. It is reputed to have medicinal properties.

The Green State of Chhattisgarh has 41.33% of its area under forests, and is one of the richest bio-diversity areas in the country.

Chhattisgarh

Capital Raipur
Area 1,36,034 sq. km
Population 2,55,40,196
State Day October 31
Districts 18
Language Hindi
Assembly seats 90
Lok Sabha seats 11
Rajya Sabha seats 5


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