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Delhi


Delhi, locally pronounced as Dilli or Dehli, officially National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT), is the largest metropolis by area and the second-largest city by population in India, next to Mumbai.


Delhi's urban area is now considered to extend beyond the NCT boundaries, and include the neighbouring satellite cities of Ghaziabad, Noida, Greater Noida, Faridabad, Gurgaon, Bahadurgarh and Sonipat in an area now called Central National Capital Region (CNCR) and had an estimated 2016 population of over 26 million people, making it the world's second-largest urban area according to the United Nations.

As of 2016, recent estimates of the metro economy of its urban area have ranked Delhi either the most or second-most productive metro area of India.

Delhi is the second-wealthiest city in India after Mumbai and is home to 18 billionaires and 23,000 millionaires.

Delhi ranks fifth among the Indian states and union territories in human development index.

Delhi has the second-highest GDP per capita in India.

The name Delhi is often also used to include urban areas near the NCT, as well as to refer to New Delhi, the capital of India, which lies within the metropolis.

Although technically a federally administered union territory, the political administration of the NCT of Delhi today more closely resembles that of a state of India with its own legislature, high court and an executive council of ministers headed by a Chief Minister.

A new capital city, New Delhi, was built to the south of the old city during the 1920s.

New Delhi, jointly administered by both the federal Government of India and the local Government of Delhi, is also the capital of the NCT of Delhi.

The Constitution (Sixty-ninth Amendment) Act, 1991 declared the Union Territory of Delhi to be formally known as National Capital Territory of Delhi. The Act gave Delhi its own legislative assembly, though with limited powers.

Located on the banks of the River Yamuna, The Delhi has been known to be continuously inhabited since at least the 6th century BC.

Delhi is also widely believed to have been the site of Indraprastha, the legendary capital of the Pandavas during the times of the Mahabharata.

After the British East India Company had gained control of much of India during the 18th and 19th centuries, Calcutta became the capital. When India gained independence from British rule in 1947, New Delhi was declared its capital and seat of government.

As such, New Delhi houses important offices of the federal government, including the Parliament of India, as well as numerous national museums, monuments, and art galleries.

In 1206, Qutb-ud-din Aybak, the first ruler of the Slave Dynasty established the Delhi Sultanate.

Qutb-ud-din started the construction the Qutub Minar and Quwwat-al-Islam (might of Islam), the earliest extant mosque in India.

At 72.5 m (238 ft), the Qutub Minar is the world's tallest free-standing brick minaret.

Red Fort, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is the location from which the Prime Minister of India addresses the nation on Independence Day.

The Parliament of India, the Rashtrapati Bhavan (Presidential Palace), Cabinet Secretariat and the Supreme Court of India are located in New Delhi. There are 70 assembly constituencies and seven Lok Sabha (Indian parliament's lower house) constituencies in Delhi.

The NCT has three local municipal corporations: Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD), New Delhi Municipal Council (NDMC) and Delhi Cantonment Board.

MCD is one of the largest municipal corporations in the world providing civic amenities to an estimated 13.78 million people.

The World Book Fair, held biannually at the Pragati Maidan, is the second largest exhibition of books in the world with as many as 23 nations participating in the event.

Delhi is often regarded as the "Book Capital" of India because of high readership.

A number of state-owned and private radio stations broadcast from Delhi, including All India Radio (AIR), one of the world's largest radio service providers, which offers six radio channels in ten languages.

The Auto Expo, Asia's largest auto show, is held in Delhi biennially.

Dwarka, Asia's largest planned residential colony, is located within the National Capital Territory of Delhi.

The Indira Gandhi International Airport is the busiest airport in South Asia is Terminal 1D of the airport.

Important tourist places are Lal Quila (Red Fort), Jama Masjid, Qutab Minar, India Gate, Laxmi Narian Mandir (Birla Mandir), Humayun’s tomb, Lotus Temple, etc. Delhi Tourism and Transportation Development Corporation Limited conducts city sight-seeing and excursion tours. The Corporation has also introduced adventure tourism activities such as para-sailing, rock-climbing and boating in Delhi.

The Corporation has also developed DELHI HAAT, where beverages and food items of different states are available at one place. More such HAATs are planned in different parts of Delhi. The Corporation is also running Coffee Homes in different parts of Delhi. The "Garden of five Senses" has also been opened in the South District of Delhi, which attracts a lot of tourists visiting Delhi.

Delhi
Area 1,483 sq. km
Population 1,67,53,235
Capital Delhi
No. of Districts 9
Principal Language Hindi, Punjabi, Urdu & English
Assembly seats 70
Lok Sabha seats 7
Rajya Sabha seats 3
Judiciary High Court of Delhi


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