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Haryana



Historically, Haryana  has been a part of the Kuru region in North India.

The State was the home of the legendary Bharata dynasty, which has given the name Bharat to India. Haryana finds mention in the great epic of Mahabharata.

Kurukshetra, the place of the epic battle between the Kauravas and the Pandavas, is situated in Haryana.

The State continued to play a leading part in the history of India till the advent of the Muslims and the rise of Delhi as the imperial capital of India. Thereafter, Haryana functioned as an adjunct to Delhi and practically remained anonymous till the First War of India's Independence in 1857.

When the rebellion was crushed and the British administration was re-established, the Nawabs of Jhajjar and Bahadurgarh, Raja of Ballabgarh and Rao Tula Ram of Rewari of the Haryana region were deprived of their territories. Their territories were either merged with the British territories or handed over to the rulers of Patiala, Nabha and Jind. Haryana thus became a part of the Punjab province. With the reorganisation of Punjab on 1 November 1966, Haryana was made into a full-fledged State. 

The State is bound by Uttar Pradesh in the east, Punjab in the west, Himachal Pradesh in the north and Rajasthan in the south. The National Capital Territory of Delhi juts into Haryana.

Haryana is a landlocked state in northern India. It is located between 27°37' to 30°35' N latitude and between 74°28' and 77°36' E longitude.

Haryana is one of the wealthiest states of India and has the third highest per capita income in the country including the largest number of rural crorepatis in India.

Haryana is India's largest manufacturer of passenger cars, two-wheelers, and tractors.

Gurgaon is home to Maruti Udyog Limited, India's largest automobile manufacturer, and Hero MotoCorp Limited, the world's largest manufacturer of two-wheelers.

Yamunanagar, Panipat, Panchkula and Faridabad are also industrial hubs, with the Panipat Refinery being the second largest refinery in South Asia.

There are also long established steel, plywood, paper and textile industries in the state.

Milk and milk products form an essential part of the local diet. There is the saying Desaan main des Haryana, jit doodh dahi ka khaana, which means "Best among all the countries in the world is Haryana, where the staple food is milk and yoghurt". Haryana, with 660 grams of availability of milk per capita per day, ranks at number two in the country as against the national average of 232 grams

The National Dairy Research Institute at Karnal is Asia's largest and oldest dairy, and the Central Institute for Research on Buffaloes at Hisar are instrumental in development of new breeds of cattle and propagation of these breeds through embryo transfer technology.

The Murrah breed of water buffalo from Haryana is world-famous for its milk production.

Haryana is the first State to have implemented its State Wide Area Network (ADHAAR) for voice, data and video transmission.

Haryana became the first State in the country to achieve 100 percent rural electrification in 1970.

The river Yamuna flows along its eastern boundary. The ancient Sarasvati River is said to have flowed from Yamunanagar, but it has now disappeared.

The river Ghaggar is Haryana's main seasonal river. The Ghaggar rises in the outer Himalayas, between the Yamuna and the Sutlej and enters Haryana near Pinjore, Panchkula district.

Haryana at glance
Area 44,212 sq. km
Population 2,53,53,081
Capital Chandigarh
Districts 21
Main Language Hindi
Assembly seats 90
Lok Sabha seats 10
Rajya Sabha seats 5
State Day
November 1

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