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Himachal Pradesh

Himachal Pradesh  is spread over 55,673 km², and is bordered by the Indian states of Jammu and Kashmir on the north, Punjab on the west and south-west, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh on the south, Uttarakhand on the south-east and by the Tibet Autonomous Region on the east.

Himachal Pradesh became a Union Territory on 1 November 1956.

On 18 December 1970, the State of Himachal Pradesh Act was passed by Parliament and the new state came into being on 25 January 1971 with Shimla as its capital.
The literal meaning of Himachal Pradesh is Region of snowy mountains.

Himachal Pradesh was anciently known as Dev Bhumi (The Abode of Gods) and is known to be abundant in natural beauty.

After the Anglo Gorkha War, the British colonial government came into power. In 1950 Himachal was declared as a union territory but after the State of Himachal Pradesh Act 1971, Himachal emerged as the 18th state of the Republic of India. 

The economy of the state is highly dependent on three sources: hydroelectric power, tourism and agriculture.

Kharjiar in Chamba district has earned the name 'mini Switzerland' because of the strking similarity in landscape.

The drainage system of Himachal is composed both of rivers and glaciers. Himachal Pradesh provides water to both the Indus and Ganges basins.The drainage systems of the region are the Chandra Bhaga or the Chenab, the Ravi, the Beas, the Sutlej and the Yamuna.

The Great Himalayan National Park in Kullu district was created to conserve the flora and fauna of the main Himalayan range, while the Pin Valley National Park to conserve the flora and fauna of the cold desert.

Himachal Pradesh at glance

Area 55,673 sq. km
Population 68,56,509
Capital Shimla
Districts 12
Main Language Hindi and Pahari
Assembly seats 68
Lok Sabha seats 4
Rajya Sabha seats 3
State Day April 15



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