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Kerala


Kerala is an Indian state located on the Malabar coast of south-west India.

It was created on 1 November 1956 by the States Reorganisation Act, and it combined various Malayalam speaking regions.

The state has an area of 38,863 km2  and is bordered by Karnataka to the north and northeast, Tamil Nadu to the south and southeast and the Arabian Sea  towards the west.

Thiruvananthapuram is the capital city. Kochi and Kozhikode are other major cities.

Kerala is known as the Hawaii of Asia.

Natives of Kerala (Malayalis) refer to the state as Keralam.

Scholars agree that Kerala transliterates Classical Tamil Cheralam ("Land of the Cheras") or chera-alam, ("declivity of a hill or a mountain slope/range").

The state was anciently called Cheralam and Cherala Nadu.

Kerala and Tamil Nadu once shared a common language and culture, within an area known as Tamilakam.

The state had a substantial share in the four plantation crops viz. rubber, tea, coffee and cardamom. These four crops together occupy 6.04 lakh hector accounting for 31.4 percent of the net cropped area in the State and 43 percent of the area under these crops in the country. Kerala accounts for 92 percent of the total production of rubber, 76 percent of cardamom, 21 percent of coffee and 6 percent of tea in the country and the changing in cropping patter were in favour of these crops.

The first fully literate municipal town ( Kottayam - 1989), and district ( Ernakulam - 1990) in India are in Kerala.

On December 11, 1995, Ernakulam also became the first fully literate state in India.

Kochi ( Cochin) - the major port of Kerala - is known as the "Queen of the Arabian Sea."

The main pilgrim tourist spots of Kerala are Sabarimala Temple, Padmanabhaswamy Temple (Thiruvananthapuram), Padanilam Parabrahma Temple(Mavelikkara), Chettikulangara Temple, Vadakumnathan Temple, Guruvayoor Temple, Sarkara Devi Temple, Malayattor Church and Parumala Church.

Kerala at glance
Area 38,863 sq. km
Population 3,33,87,677
Capital Thiruvananthapuram
Districts 14
Main Language Malayalam
Assembly seats 140
Lok Sabha seats 20
Rajya Sabha seats 9
State Day November 1


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