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Maharashtra


Maharashtra is the second most populous after Uttar Pradesh and third largest state by area in India.

It is the richest state in India.

Maharashtra is bordered by the Arabian Sea to the west, Gujarat and the Union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli to the northwest, Madhya Pradesh to the northeast, Chhattisgarh to the east, Karnataka to the south, Andhra Pradesh to the southeast, and Goa to the southwest.

Mumbai, the capital city of the state, is India's largest city and the financial capital of the nation.

Marathi is the official language of the state, while English and Hindi are also widely spoken throughout Maharashtra.

The first well-known rulers of Maharashtra were the Satavahanas (230 B.C. 225 A.D.), who were the founders of Maharashtra, and have left a plethora of literary, epigraphic, artistic and archaeological evidence.

The administrative evolution of the state of Maharashtra is the outcome of the linguistic reorganization of the States of India, effected on 1 May, 1960. The State was formed by bringing together all contiguous Marathi-speaking areas.

Maharashtra has a total of twenty-four Air fields/airports. Of these 17 are under the control of the State government, four are managed and controlled by the International Airports Authority/Airports Authority of India and three by the Ministry of Defence.

Mumbai, the capital of Maharashtra and the financial capital of India, houses the headquarters of all major banks, financial institutions, insurance companies in India.

India's largest stock exchange Bombay Stock Exchange, the oldest in Asia, is also located in the city.

Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust in Navi Mumbai is the busiest port in India.

Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport in Mumbai is the busiest airport in South Asia as per passenger volume.

Mumbai is the home for the world's largest film industry - Bollywood, Hindi filmmaking industry.

Maharashtra ranks first nationwide in coal-based thermal electricity as well as nuclear electricity generation with national market shares of over 13% and 17% respectively.

Maharashtra is also introducing Jatropha cultivation and has started a project for the identification of suitable sites for Jatropha plantations.

Ralegan Siddhi is a village in Ahmednagar District that is considered a model of environmental conservation

Prominent Indian and foreign automobile makers such as Tata Motors, Mahindra & Mahindra, Mercedes-Benz, Audi, Skoda Auto, Fiat and Volkswagen are have a manufacturing presence in Maharashtra.

Maharashtra has a border dispute with neighboring state of Karnataka over the district of Belgaum.

Sanjay Gandhi National Park, also known as Borivali National Park is located in Mumbai and is the world's largest national park within city limits.

Asia's first  Sports University was inaugurated in Pune in January, 1996.

The Western Ghats form one of the three watersheds of India, from which many South Indian rivers originate, notable among them being Godavari River, and Krishna, which flow eastward into the Bay of Bengal, forming one of the greatest river basins in India.

Some important tourist centres are: Ajanta, Ellora, Elephanta, Kanheri and Karla caves, Mahabaleshwar, Matheran and Panchgani, Jawhar, Malshejghat, Amboli, Chikaldara, Panhala Hill stations and religious places at Pandharpur, Nasik, Shirdi, Nanded, Audhanagnath, Trimbakeshwar, Tuljapur, Ganpatipule, Bhimashanker, Harihareshwar, Shegaon, Kolhapur, Jejuri and Ambajogai.

Maharashtra
Area 3,07,713 sq. km
Population 112,372,972
Capital Mumbai
Districts 35
Language Marathi
Assembly seats 288
Lok Sabha seats 48
Rajya Sabha seats 19
State Day May 1


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