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Meghalaya


Meghalaya is a state in north-eastern India. The word "Meghalaya" literally means the Abode of Clouds in Sanskrit and other Indic languages.

The capital is Shillong also known as the Scotland of the East.

It is bound on the north and east by Assam, and on the south and west by Bangladesh. Meghalaya, literally meaning the abode of clouds, is essentially a hilly state.

About one third of the state is forested. The Meghalaya subtropical forests ecoregion encompasses the state; its mountain forests are distinct from the lowland tropical forests to the north and south. The forests of Meghalaya are notable for their biodiversity of mammals, birds, and plants.

Meghalaya, a hilly strip in eastern India, covers a total area of just 22,429 km2. It was previously part of Assam, but on 21 January 1972, the districts of Khasi, Garo and Jaintia hills became the new state of Meghalaya.

The Shillong peak is highest in the state and is good for trekking. It is also known as the "abode of the gods" and has excellent views.

Meghalaya was created as an autonomous state within the state of Assam on 2 April, 1970.

The full-fledged State of Meghalaya came into existence on 21 January, 1972.

Meghalaya is basically an agrarian state, in which about 80 per cent of the population depend primarily on agriculture for their livelihood.

The State has a vast potential for developing horticulture due to agro-climatic variations, which offer much scope for cultivation of temperate, sub-tropical and tropical fruits and vegetables.

A five-day long religious festival of the Khasis, Ka Pamblang Nongkrem, popularly known as Nongkrem dance is held annually at village Smit, 11 km from Shillong Shad Suk Mynsiem another important festival of the Khasis, is held at Shillong, during the second week of April.  

Behdeinkhlam, the most important and colourful festival of the Jaintias is celebrated annually at Jowai in Jaintia Hills in July. Wangala festival is observed for a week to honour Saljong (Sun God) of the Garos during October-November.

Cherrapunjee is one of the most popular tourist spots in North East of India. It lies to the south of the capital Shillong.

The popular waterfalls in the state are the Elephant Falls, Shadthum Falls, Weinia falls, Bishop Falls, Nohkalikai Falls, Langshiang falls and Sweet Falls. The hot springs at Jakrem near Mawsynram are believed to have curative and medicinal properties.

Meghalaya at a glance
Area 22,429 sq. km
Population 29,64,007
Capital Shillong
Districts 7
Main Language Khasi, Garo & English
Assembly seats 60
Lok Sabha seats 2
Rajya Sabha seats 1
State Day January 21

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