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National Afforestation and Eco-Development Board


The National Wastelands Development Board (NWDB) established in May 1985, was bifurcated into a new Department of Wastelands Development and a National Afforestation and Eco-Development Board (NAEB) in 1992.

While the NAEB is a part of the Ministry of Environment and Forests, the Department of Wastelands Development has been transferred to the Ministry of Rural Development. 

The responsibilities of the NAEB include promotion of afforestation, tree plantation, ecological restoration and eco-development activities in the country with special attention to the degraded forest areas and lands adjoining the forest areas, national parks, sanctuaries and other protected areas, as well as the ecologically fragile areas like the Western Himalayas, Aravallis, Western Ghats, etc. 

The NAEB seeks to carry out its responsibilities through several schemes such as the integrated afforestation and eco-development project, area-oriented fuelwood and fodder projects, non-timber forest produce (including medicinal plants) scheme, aerial seeding, seed development, technology extension, grants-in-aid to voluntary agencies, etc. 

During the Ninth Five Year Plan, four key elements, viz., Promotion of Joint Forest Management, Micro planning, Incorporation of improved technologies, and Monitoring and Evaluation of projects, will be emphasized while implementing these schemes. 

Eco-task forces of exservicemen have been deployed in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Jammu and Kashmir for undertaking eco-restoration work through afforestation, pasture development and other water and soil conservation measures in selected highly degraded and inhospitable areas of these states.

To commemorate the 50th Anniversary of India’s Independence, the Board provided financial assistance to State Forest Departments for distributing seedlings to all Village Panchayats to enable every village to raise a cluster of 50 trees. Wastelands maps on 1:50,000 scale have been prepared for 237 districts of the country using satellite data.

The NAEB has seven Regional Centres located at different universities and national-level institutions of the country.

These centres help the NAEB in promoting extension of replicable technologies and in disseminating research findings to a wider audience. These centres also carry out problemspecific studies and undertake evaluation of NAEB’s programmes in the field.


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