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National Calender



The national calendar based on the Saka Era, with Chaitra as its first month and a normal year of 365 days was adopted from 22 March 1957 along with the Gregorian calendar for the following official purposes:
  • 1. Gazette of India.
  • 2. News broadcast by All India Radio.
  • 3. Calendars issued by the Government of India.
  • 4. Government communications addressed to the members of the public.
Dates of the national calendar have a permanent correspondence with dates of the Gregorian calendar, 1 Chaitra falling on 22 March normally and on 21 March in leap year.

Formation of Saka Calendar

In the Indian civil calendar, the initial period is the Saka Era. 

The Calendar is said to have begun with King Salivahana's accession to the throne. 

It is used as a reference for most astronomical works in Sanskrit literature written after 500 AD. 

The calculation of ‘thitis’ i.e. dates in this Calendar are done in accordance with the actual positions of Sun and Moon in the universe. 

In the Saka calendar, the year 2009 AD is 1932.

Adoption of Saka Calendar as National Calendar

The current national calendar of India i.e. the Saka Calendar was adopted as the National Calendar in 1957 by the Calendar Reform Committee which also made efforts to coincide the astronomical data and harmonize the usage of this calendar after rectification of some local errors. 

It came into usage from March 22, 1957 according to the Gregorian calendar which was actually Saka Era, Chaitra 1, 1879 according to the Saka Samvat. 

It was adopted as the National calendar in order to synchronize the usage of 30 different kinds of Calendar used in India at that time.

An Overview of the Saka Calendar

Saka Calendar is said to have begun from the vernal equinox of A.D. 79. 

The usage of the Calendar began from aka Era 1879, Chaitra 1, which corresponds to A.D. 1957 March 22. 

The Saka Calendar is similar to the Gregorian calendar on the terms that even the Saka calendar has a normal year of 365 days and a leap year has 366 days. 

In a leap year, an intercalary day is added to the end of Chaitra month of the year. 

There are 12 months in Saka Calendar which are named as Vaisakha ,Jyestha ,Asadha ,Sravana, Bhadrapada, Asvina , Kartika Margasirsa , Pausa , Magh, Phalgura ,Chaitra.



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