Shares the Knowledge !


National Fruit



A fleshy fruit, eaten ripe or used green for pickles etc., of the tree Mangifera indica, the mango is one of the most important and widely cultivated fruits of the tropical world.

Mango, popularly known as the 'King of Fruits'

Its juicy fruit is a rich source of Vitamins A, C and D.

In India there are over 100 varieties of mangoes, in different sizes, shapes and colours.

Mangoes have been cultivated in India from time immemorial. 

The poet Kalidasa sang its praises. Alexander savoured its taste, as did the Chinese pilgrim Hieun Tsang.

Mughal emperor Akbar planted 100,000 mango trees in Darbhanga, Bihar at a place now known as Lakhi Bagh.

Mangoes are available in different sizes, ranging from 10 to 25 cm in length and 7 to 12 cm in width. 

In terms of weight, a single mango can be as heavy as 2.5 kg. 

The fruit come in a wide variety of colors, such as green, yellow, red, and even various combinations of all these colors. 

Mango has a flat, oblong seed in the center, which is covered by the sweet pulp. 

Covering the pulp is a thin layer of skin, which is peeled off before eating the fruit. When ripe, the unpeeled fruit gives off a distinct, resinous sweet smell.

Varieties:
A large number of mango varieties can be found in India. The most popular ones include 'Alphonso' (also called 'Hapoos'), 'Amrapali', 'Bangalora', 'Banganapalli' (also known as 'Benishaan'), 'Bombay', 'Bombay Green', 'Chausa', 'Chinna Rasalu', 'Dashaheri' ('Daseri'), 'Fazli', 'Fernandian', 'Gulabkhas', 'Himayath' (a.k.a. 'Imam Pasand'), 'Himsagar', 'Jehangir', 'Kesar', 'Kishen Bhog', 'Lalbaug', 'Langda' ('Langra'), 'Mallika', 'Mankurad', 'Mulgoa', 'Neelam', 'Pairi', 'Pedda Rasalu', 'Rajapuri', 'Safeda', 'Suvarnarekha', 'Totapuri', 'Vanraj' and 'Zardalu'.

Cultivation:
Frost-free climate is best for the growth of Mangos. If temperatures drop below 40° F, even for a short period, the flowers and small fruits already grown on the tree can get killed. 

In other words, warm and dry weather is required for the cultivation of the fruit. This is it available in the summer season only. Mango can grow well in large containers and a greenhouse as well. 

Mango trees are shady in nature. They grow very fast and can reach a height of as much as 65 ft. 

The life of mango trees is generally very long and some specimens are known to be over 300 years old and still fruiting.


Share:

0 comments:

Post a Comment

Popular Posts