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Odisha formerly known as Orissa, is a state of India, located on the east coast of India, by the Bay of Bengal.

Bhubaneswar is the capital of Odisha.

Odisha is the ninth largest state by area in India, and the eleventh largest by population.

Oriya is the official and most widely spoken language with 93.33% Odia speakers according to linguistic survey.
Other languages spoken in the state are Hindi, Bengali, and Telugu.

It is the modern name of the ancient nation of Kalinga, which was invaded by the Maurya Emperor Ashoka in 261 BC.

The modern state of Odisha was established on 1st April 1936, as a province in India,and consists predominantly of Odia speakers.

Odissi or Orissi dance and music is classified as a classical music of India. Odissi is the oldest surviving dance form in India on the basis of archaeological evidence.

Odisha is home to the Hirakud Dam, near Sambalpur the longest earthen dam in the world.

Odisha has several popular tourist destinations. Puri, Konark & Bhubaneswar are known as Golden triangle of eastern India.

Puri, with the Jagannath temple near the sea (famous for Rath Yatra or the Car Festival), and Konark, with the Sun Temple, are visited by thousands of tourists every year.

The Jagannath Temple of Puri, the Konark Sun Temple, the Lingaraj Temple, Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves, Dhauligiri of Bhubaneshwar, Ashoka's famous Rock Edict at Jaugada near Berhampur city and the Barabati Fort of Cuttack are important in the archaeological history of India.

Konark Sun Temple built by the Eastern Ganga dynasty is one of the most well renowned temples in India and is a World Heritage Site.

The Central Rice Research Institute (CRRI), Asia's largest rice research Institute is situated along the bank of Mahanadi in Cuttack.

Chilka Lake, a brackish water coastal lake on the Bay of Bengal, south of the mouth of the Mahanadi River, is the largest coastal lake in India and the second largest in the world.

The sari of Odisha is much in demand throughout the entire world. The different colors and varieties of sarees in Odisha make them very popular among the women of the state.

The kitchen of the famous Jagannath temple in Puri is reputed to be the largest in the world, with a thousand chefs, working around 752 wood-burning clay hearths called chulas, to feed over 10,000 people each day.

Taxila, Nalanda and Ratnagiri are amongst the oldest universities in the world.

Hirakud Dam: Artificial Lake in Sambalpur and Jharsuguda largest in Asia.

There is an sugar factory named as aska sugar factory and it is the first sugar factory in asia.

Orissa at glance

Area 1,55,707 sq. km
Population 4,19,47,358
Capital Bhubaneshwar
Districts 30
Main Language Oriya
Assembly seats 147
Lok Sabha seats 21
Rajya Sabha seats 10
State Day April 1



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