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Rajasthan



Rajasthan  the land of Rajasthanis, ("the land of kings" or "the land of colours"), is the largest state of the Republic of India by area.

Jaipur is the capital and the largest city of the state.

Rajasthan was formed on 30 March 1949, when all erstwhile princely states ruled by Rajputs, known as Rajputana, merged into the Dominion of India.

It encompasses most of the area of the large, inhospitable Great Indian Desert (Thar Desert), which has an edge paralleling the Sutlej-Indus river valley along its border with Pakistan.

The state is bordered by Pakistan to the west, Gujarat to the southwest, Madhya Pradesh to the southeast, Uttar Pradesh and Haryana to the northeast and Punjab to the north.

Rajasthan covers an area of  342,239 km². The proportion of the state's total area to the total area of the country is 10.41 per cent.

Geographical features include the Thar Desert along north-western Rajasthan and the termination of the Ghaggar River near the archaeological ruins at Kalibanga of the Indus Valley Civilization, which are the oldest in the Indian subcontinent discovered so far.

One of the world's oldest mountain ranges, the Aravalli Range, cradles the only hill station of Rajasthan, Mount Abu, famous for Dilwara Temples, a sacred pilgrimage for Jains.

Eastern Rajasthan has the world famous Keoladeo National Park near Bharatpur, famous for its bird life and is a World Heritage Site and two famous national tiger reserves, Ranthambore and Sariska Tiger Reserve.

The Indus Valley Civilization, one of the world's first and oldest civilizations, was located in parts of what is now Rajasthan.

The Umaid Bhawan Palace is one of the largest royal palaces in the world.

Rajasthan is among the largest producers of edible oils in India and the second largest producer of oilseeds. Rajasthan is also the biggest wool-producing state in India and the main opium producer and consumer.

The Taj Mahal was built from the white marble which was mined from a town called Makrana.

The state is the second largest source of cement in India.

Rajasthan at glance
Area 3,42,239 sq. km
Population 6,86,21,012
Capital Jaipur
Districts 33
Main Language Hindi & Rajasthani
Assembly seats 200
Lok Sabha seats 25
Rajya Sabha seats 10
State Day March 30

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