Shares the Knowledge !

West Bengal

West Bengal, renamed Poschim Bongo, is a state in the eastern region of India and is the nation's fourth most populous.

It is also the seventh most populous sub-national entity in the world.

It is bordered by the countries of Nepal, Bhutan, and Bangladesh and the states of Orissa, Jharkhand, Bihar, Sikkim, and Assam and has an area of 88,752

The capital is Kolkata (Calcutta).

Upto 1912, Calcutta was the capital of India.

Indian independence movement through the early 20th century, Bengal was divided in 1947 along religious lines into two separate entities: West Bengal — a state of India — and East Bengal, which initially joined the new nation of Pakistan, before becoming part of modern-day Bangladesh in 1971.

The Kolkata metro is the country's first underground railway which was commissioned in 1995.

The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, part of NFR, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

It is the first state where 30% reservation of seats for women in the elected bodies was implemented.

Rabindranath Tagore is Asia's first Nobel laureate and composer of India's and Bangladesh's national anthem.

Swami Vivekananda is considered a key figure in the introduction of Vedanta and Yoga in Europe and America and is also credited with raising interfaith awareness, bringing Hinduism to the status of a world religion during the end of the 19th century.

Part of the world's largest mangrove forest Sundarbans is located in southern West Bengal.

The Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science is the first research institute in Asia. C. V. Raman got Nobel Prize for his discovery (Raman Effect) done in IACS.

West Bengal was the first Indian state to constitute a Human Rights Commission of its own.

Calcutta Polo Club is considered as the oldest polo club of the world.

The Royal Calcutta Golf Club is the oldest of its kind outside Great Britain.

West Bengal has several large stadiums—The Eden Gardens is one of only two 100,000-seat cricket amphitheaters in the world.

The Calcutta Leather Complex at Bantala has already been declared as a Special Economic Zone. It is a perfect model of public private partnership, spread over around 1,100 acres of land and is steadily emerging as one of the largest projects of its kind in the world.

West Bengal at glance
Area 88,752 sq. km
Population 91,347,736
Capital Kolkata
No. of Districts 19
Principal Language Bengali
Assembly seats 294
Lok Sabha seats 42
Rajya Sabha seats 16



Post a Comment

Upsc - Civils Preparation

Exam Strategy
Tips and Tricks
Preparation and Guidance
Optional Subjects - Preparation
Optional Subjects - Guidance
Many more >>

Bank Exams Preparation

Bank, Currency, Money, RBI,
Budget, Planning, Stock Exchange
Insurance, Taxation, International Organizations
Economic Issues, Fiscal Policy, Committee or Commissions
Many more >>

Computer Knowledge

History, Generations, Terminology
Hardware, Software, Internet
Networks, Shortcut Keys
Many more >>

Interview Preparation

General Do's and Don'ts in Interview
Entry and Dressing up
How to prepare?, Qualities judged
Many more >>