Shares the Knowledge !


District Courts



The District Courts of India are presided over by a judge. 

They administer justice in India at a district level.

These courts are under administrative and judicial control of the High Court of the State to which the district concerned belongs.

The highest court in each district is that of the District and Sessions Judge.

This is the principal court of civil jurisdiction. 

This is also a court of Sessions. Sessions-triable cases are tried by the Sessions Court.

It has the power to impose any sentence including capital punishment.

There are many other courts subordinate to the court of District and Sessions Judge. 

There is a three tier system of courts.

On the civil side, at the lowest level is the court of Civil Judge (Junior Division).

On criminal side the lowest court is that of the Judicial Magistrate. Civil Judge (Junior Division) decides civil cases of small pecuniary stake. Judicial Magistrates decide criminal cases which are punishable with imprisonment of up to five years.

At the middle of the hierarchy there is the Court of Civil Judge (Senior Division) on the civil side and the Court of the Chief Judicial Magistrate on the Criminal side.

Civil Judge (senior division) can decide civil cases of any valuation. There are many additional courts of Additional Civil Judge (senior division).The Jurisdiction of these addition courts is the same as that of the principal court of Civil Judge (Senior Division).

The Chief Judicial Magistrate can try cases which are punishable with imprisionment for a term up to seven years. 

Usually there are many additional courts of Additional Chief Judicial Magistrates.

At the top level there may be one or more courts of additional district and sessions judge with the same judicial power as that of the District and Sessions judge.

Judicial independence of each court is the characteristic feature of the district judiciary.

In each district there is a strong bar which ensures that courts decide cases according to law and without fear or favour.

The greatest problem of district courts is that of huge backlog of cases leading to undue delay in deciding cases.


Share:

Popular Posts