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Indian Army


The Indian Army is the world's second largest army in terms of military personnel. 

The basic responsibility of the Army is to safeguard the territorial integrity of the nation against external aggression. 

In addition, the Army is often required to assist the civil administration during internal security disturbances and in the maintenance of law and order, in organising relief operations during natural calamities like floods, earthquakes and cyclones and in the maintenance of essential services.

The Indian Army is one of the finest armies in the world.

Modernisation and upgradation of Army is a continuous process to keep Armed Forces ready to meet any challenge of tomorrow.

It is based on fiver years plans. Focus and core areas of modernisation has been:-
  • 1. Improvement in the Fire Power and increased Mobiliy 
  • 2. All Weather Battle Field Surveillance capability 
  • 3. Night Fighting capabilities 
  • 4. Enhace capability of Special Force 
  • 5. Capability for Network Centric Warfare 
  • 6. NBC Protection

Army has its headquarters in New Delhi.

The President of India is the Supreme Commander of the Indian Army, and it is commanded by the Chief of Army Staff (COAS), who is a four-star general. Two officers have been conferred with the rank of field marshal, a five-star rank, which is a ceremonial position of great honour.

The Indian Army originated from the armies of the East India Company, which eventually became the British Indian Army, and the armies of the princely states, which finally became the national army after independence.

Command structure :

The army operates six operational commands and one training command.

Each command is headed by General Officer Commanding-in-Chief with the rank of lieutenant general. Each command is directly affiliated to the Army HQ in New Delhi.

These commands are given below in their correct order of raising, location (city) and their commanders.

There is also the Army Training Command abbreviated as ARTRAC. Besides these, army officers may head tri-service commands such as the Strategic Forces Command and Andaman and Nicobar Command, as well as institutions like Integrated Defence Staff.

Insignia Name Headquarters Commander Subordinate Unit(s)
Indian Army HQ.jpgHeadquarters, Indian ArmyNew Delhi50th Independent Parachute Brigade – Agra
IA Central Command.jpgCentral CommandLucknowLt General Iqroop Singh Ghuman6th Mountain Division - Bareilly
IA Eastern Command.jpgEastern CommandKolkataLt General Anil Chauhan
IA Northern Command.jpgNorthern CommandUdhampurLt General Ranbir Singh
IA Southern Command.jpgSouthern CommandPuneLt General Satinder Kumar Saini
  • 41st Artillery Division – Pune
IA South Western Command.jpgSouth Western CommandJaipurLt General Alok Singh Kler
  • 42nd Artillery Division – Jaipur
IA Western Command.jpgWestern CommandChandimandirLt General Surinder Singh
  • 40th Artillery Division – Ambala
IA Training Command.jpgArmy Training CommandShimlaLt General Pattacheruvanda C. Thimayya

The Major Static Formation are divided into Areas, Independent Sub-Areas and sub-areas. 

Area is commanded by a General Officer Commanding of the rank of a Major General and an Independent Sub-Area and sub-area by a Brigadier.

Indian army is divided broadly into two main categories:-
  1. Arms
  2. Services
Indian Army consists of following ranks:-
  1. General
  2. Lt. General
  3. Major General
  4. Brigadier
  5. Colonel
  6. Lt. Colonel
  7. Major
  8. Captain
  9. Lieutenant

Tanks of Army
  • Vijayanta is first indigenous tank.
  • Arjun is the mostsophisticated battle tank, designed by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
  • T-55 and T-72 are the two important Soviet-built battle tanks.

Last updated on: 29/10/2019

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