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Other Organisations


Territorial Army

The Territorial Army  is a voluntary, part-time citizen's Army. The conceptual framework or the Territorial Army is based on the fundamental idea that it should exist for war-time employment, and should be maintainable at the lowest cost during peace time.

The concept encompasses the employment of disciplined, dedicated and a low cost force of gainfully employed citizens from all walks of life to supplement and augment the resources of the regular Army. 

These citizens on joining the Territorial Army undergo a short period of rigorous training, which makes them reasonably competent soldiers. Subsequently, they join their units for two months every year for refresher training, to keep in touch with the art of soldiering.

Infantry Battalions (TA) have been embodied for operational services since the raising of the force. Units of the Territorial Army have participated in all wars alongside the regular Army.

In recent times, a maximum of 22 units were embodied in Operation Rakshak, Operation Vijay and Operation Parakram. Infantry Battalions (TA) have also been embodied for counter insurgency operations in North-East and Jammu and Kashmir.

They have been utilised to maintain essential services like railways, oil supply and medical (departmental units) during emergencies.

Some units have been organised for national development tasks in fields like ecology and afforestation and they have rendered commendable services.

National Cadet Corps

The National Cadet Corps (NCC) was established under the NCC Act, 1948.

The NCC strives to provide the youth of the country opportunities for all round development with a sense of commitment, dedication, self-discipline and moral values, so that they become useful citizens of tomorrow.

The total sanctioned strength of NCC cadets is 13 Lakhs. The NCC's presence extends to 606 districts of the country covering 8,454 schools and 5,377 colleges.

Director General, NCC located at New Delhi controls and overseas various activities of the NCC through 16 NCC Directorates spread across the country.

There is a Central Advisory Committee for the NCC to provide overall policy guidelines.


NCC is manned by the service personnel, Whole Time Lady Officers, teachers/professors and civilians.

One lecturer/ teacher in each educational institution is appointed Associate NCC officer.

Rapid Action Force

Rapid Action Force (RAF) is an integral part of the Central Reserve Police Force. 

With 10 battalions it has been conceived in 1992 as a specially trained and equipped to be an effective strike force mainly to tackle communal riots and riot-like situations.

Unlike the conventional force of law and order, the RAF in addition to its law enforcing role has got post-riot role in rescue and relief. 

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy

The Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy is the premier police training institutions in the country which imparts basic as well as in-service training to Indian Police Service (IPS) officers.

Established in 1948 at Mount Abu, Rajasthan, the Academy was shifted to Hyderabad in 1975. 

The Academy also promotes study and research on police-related topics. 

Sashastra Seema Bal

Special Service Bureau (SSB) was set up in the early 1963 under Cabinet Secretariat in the wake of India China conflict of 1962 to build peoples' morale and inculcate spirit of resistance in the border population against threats of subversion, infiltration and sabotage from across the border.

It is now under the administrative control of the Ministry of Home Affairs with effect from 15 January 2001 and assigned the responsibility to guard along the Indo-Nepal and Indo-Bhutan Borders.

Name of SSB has been changed as "Sashastra Seema Bal" from 15 December 2003. For its dedicated and distinguished service, SSB was presented President's Colours in March 2004.

Cantonment Board

A Cantonment Board is established for municipal administration for civilian population in the cantonment area.

It is delimited area where the military forces and troops are permanently stationed. It is set-up under the Cantonments Act of 2006.

India currently has 62 cantonments in 17 different states, not including smaller 'sub-cantonments' in the same regional area.

Majority of Indian cantonments are spread across Northern, Northwestern and Northeastern India. The British Army too was positioned for threats from across India's northern frontiers, as when the Great Game was in play in the 19th century.

The vast majority of modern Indian Army cantonments date from the British era, though all have been modernized, expanded and reconfigured to suit modern warfare, training requirements and inter-service considerations.

A few have, over the decades, also been dissolved and/or combined with other cantonments. Now the Cantonment Act of 2006 has come into force.


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