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June 23 to 25 Current Affairs

June 23 to 25 Current Affairs

International Issues

The Rio+20 UN Earth Summit came to a close with leaders approving a 53-page declaration that outline measures to how to tackle the world’s environmental and development problems. With poverty eradication as one of central themes, the declaration committed to freeing humanity from poverty and hunger as a matter of urgency.

Affirmed by 193 member countries the outcome document said poverty eradication, changing unsustainable and promoting sustainable patterns of consumption & production and protecting & managing the natural resource, base of economic and social development are the overreaching objectives.

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon launched a ‘Zero Hunger Challenge’ inviting all countries to work for a future where every individual has adequate nutrition and where all food systems are resilient.

On green economy, the declaration affirmed that green policies in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication should consist with international law and respect each country’s national sovereignty over their natural resources. 

China and Bhutan have agreed to establish diplomatic relations and resolve their border dispute.

Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao and his Bhutanese counterpart Jigmi Y Thinley had a surprise meeting on the sidelines of the UN Conference on Sustainable Development at Rio de Janeiro during which both the leaders expressed desire to establish diplomatic relations and resolve their border dispute.

A Chinese spacecraft successfully completed the country's first manual docking in orbit, a milestone in an ambitious programme to build a space station by the end of the decade.

The Shenzhou-9 spacecraft linked with the Tiangong-1 module into a manned space mission which includes China's first female astronaut, following an automatic docking.

Australia has announced fresh sanctions against Syria restricting or prohibiting trade in oil and financial services to ramp up pressure on President Bashar al-Assad's regime to end bloodshed.

The new measures also affect trade between Australia and Syria in petroleum, telecommunications and precious metals.

They are in addition to an existing arms embargo and sanctions against individuals connected to the regime in Damascus.

National Issues

Swedish furniture retailer IKEA will invest about 10,500 crore rupees for setting up 25 stores in single-brand retail in India. This was confirmed by IKEA CEO M Ohlsson after he met Commerce Minister Anand Sharma at St Petersburg. The Minister said, despite the problems in global economy and recent lowering of the rating outlook, investor confidence in India remains robust.

This will be the largest investment in the single-brand retailing since the government allowed foreign investment in the sector. In January, the government notified 100 per cent FDI, in single-brand retail, paving way for global chains to have full ownership of their operations in India.

All India Council for Technical Education is to build one research park in each state to promote research across industries.

The Chairman of the council S S Mantha said, that the council will give 1 crore rupee as seed money, while the industry has to give a matching grant. The parks will be set up on premises of an Institution in at least 3,000 square feet area.

Parliamentary standing committee on personnel, public grievances, law and justice has invited suggestions on the Registration of Births and Deaths (Amendment) Bill 2012. The Committee headed by , Rajya sabha member Shantaram Naik, has invited the views and suggestions from individuals and organisations interested in the subject matter of the Bill.

The bill was introduced in the Rajya sabha on 7th May this year and referred to the Standing Committee. It seeks to amend the Registration of Births and Deaths Act 1969 to provide for compulsory registration of marriages of all persons who are citizens of India, irrespective of religion professed and practiced by the parties to the marriage.

It will also not affect in any manner the marriages already registered under any other law, including the state law making provisions for compulsory registration of marriages in their respective states.

Those desirous of submitting Memoranda to the Committee may send two copies typed in double space either in English or Hindi within fifteen days to K.P Singh, Director, Rajya Sabha Secretariat, Parliament Annexe, New Delhi.

Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare, Ghulam Nabi Azad offered special incentives to the doctors in Jammu and Kashmir for serving in rural areas. He also announced increase in the Central share of funds for the state under National Rural Health Mission from earlier eighty five percent to ninety percent.

Union Health Minister said that as an extraordinary measure to improve the health services in Jammu and Kashmir, centre has decided to pay special incentives to the doctors serving in rural areas over and above the salary.

The Union Minister also announced that henceforth Jammu and Kashmir would get ninety percent central share under the flagship National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) while the state government had to contribute only ten percent of the total allocations. He said in other states of the country Central share under the scheme was only seventy five percent.

In Odisha, the Union Rural Development, Water and Sanitation Minister Mr Jayram Ramesh unveiled the first ever bio-latrine of the nation developed by the Defense Research and Development Organization, DRDO at Dhamara Port areas in Balasore district. 

The bio-toilets are based upon bio-digester technology.

Union Rural Development Minister Jairam Ramesh announced that his Ministry would soon sign a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Ministry of Defence for installation of bio-toilets in 1000 gram panchayats across the country.

It would go a long way in improving sanitation in rural India, Mr.Ramesh said.

The project will be implemented in coordination with the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) at a cost of Rs. 400 crore, which will be provided by the Union Rural Development Ministry, Mr. Ramesh said.

Union Minister of Human Resource Development Shri Kapil Sibal inaugurated the 10,000 teacher training programme conducted by IIT Bombay under the Talk to a Teacher project of the National Mission on Education through Information and Communication Technology (NME-ICT) of MHRD. It is the first time in the world that a simultaneous training of 10,000 engineering college teachers is being conducted leveraging the broadband network and ICT tools.

This training programme is conducted through 168 remote centres located all across India. The lectures in this course are delivered from IIT Bombay by Professors from IIT Bombay and IIT Madras. Through the software A-VIEW, audio-video connectivity is provided between all the centres and IIT Bombay. The course consists of lectures, live interactions and lab sessions. This method of synchronous education has been developed at IIT Bombay, under the leadership of Prof. D. B. Phatak. This method of education allows the participants to go to a convenient centre. It also allows the participation of a large number of lady teachers, who normally are unable to join contact programmes at distant locations, owing to family commitments.

A-VIEW software development and this mega workshop are a part of the Talk to a Teacher, funded by the National Mission on Education through ICT, an initiative of the Department of Higher Education, MHRD.

Bilateral Issues

India has inked pacts with six countries, including the US and Australia, for collaborative research in science and technology. There will be a joint investment of 180 million dollars over the next five years.

There about 83 agreements on research collaboration with various countries.

In Jammu and Kashmir, the Indo-Pak Flag meeting was held at Chakkan -Da- Bagh in border district of Poonch.

The meeting comes in the backdrop of Pakistani Rangers continuously violating cease fire on the Line of Control in Krishna Ghati sector. Two jawans were killed and four others injured in firing by Pakistan troops, in four ceasefire violations since June 11 to June 16.The Army had sent hotline messages to the Pakistan army thrice seeking a flag-meeting to discuss the increasing incidents of ceasefire.


The Senate in Paraguay has removed President Fernando Lugo from office after a swift impeachment trial. He has been facing accusations over his role in a police operation to evict landless farmers in which 17 people were killed. 

This is the first time in at least a century that an elected President of Paraguay has been removed from power through an impeachment. 

Raja Pervez Ashraf was appointed as the new Prime Minister of Pakistan.

Muslim Brotherhood’s Mohammed Mursi is the new President of Egypt. The official results of the Presidential election was declared by the Egyptian Election Commission at a press conference in Cairo. Mursi got 52 percent votes while his rival, the last PM under Mubarak regime, Ahmed Shafiq got 48 percent votes. 

New Zealand’s Alan Isaac will be the new International Cricket Council president.


A land record computerisation project titled Apna Khata (our account) launched in Rajasthan has bagged an international award in recognition of its significant contribution to rural development. The project was developed by the State office of the National Informatics Centre.

NIC-Rajasthan team members received the “public choice award” at the E-World Forum-2012 organised in New Delhi over the weekend. United Nations Development Programme country director Caitlin Wiesen and Former Delhi Chief Secretary S. Raghunathan were present at the function.

K. Venugopala Rao, president of the Foundation for Rural and Social Development, an NGO, was presented the “Mother Teresa Excellence Award” by the Integrated Council for Socio-Economic Progress for his contribution to the progress of Indian economy and society.


The Ministry of Defence has cleared a 12,000-crore rupee proposal of the Indian Army to procure new generation air defence missiles to replace its ageing Russian systems.

It has also cleared the purchase of an additional 14 Dornier aircraft for the transport wing of the Indian Air Force at a cost of over 1,000 crore rupee.

The additional Dornier transport aircraft will boost its fleet level up from the current 41. The aircraft used in light transport or personnel carrier roles - will be procured from Hindustan Aeronautics Limited.

The Defence Acquisition Council also approved the procurement of eight regiments of Quick Reaction Surface to Air Missiles to replace the Russian Kvadrat systems that have become obsolete. The Army will float a global tender to purchase the systems.


India have finished sixth in the 3rd Asian Beach Games at Haiyang in China. Olympic Council of Asia said in a release that China finished on top of the medals table for the first time in Games' history. The host nation clinched 14 gold, 10 silver and 11 bronze medals for a total of 35.

Thailand with a total of 29 medals with 13 gold, nine silver and seven bronze were second.

Korea with a total haul of 23 medals were placed third in the table, while Indonesia clinched the fourth spot.
Chinese Taipei were fifth, followed by India.

At the closing ceremony, the OCA flag was passed from Haiyang to Phuket, Thailand, the venue of the 4th Beach Games two years later.



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