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Mains PAPER-IV Syllabus


General Studies-III: Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management

􀀀 Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

􀀀 Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

􀀀 Government Budgeting.

􀀀 Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, - different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

􀀀 Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

􀀀 Food processing and related industries in India- scope’ and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.

􀀀 Land reforms in India.

􀀀 Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

􀀀 Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

􀀀 Investment models.

􀀀 Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

􀀀 Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

􀀀 Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

􀀀 Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

􀀀 Disaster and disaster management.

􀀀 Linkages between development and spread of extremism.

􀀀 Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

􀀀 Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.

􀀀 Security challenges and their management in border areas - linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

􀀀 Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.


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