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Purpose, Principles and Membership


The Purposes of the United Nations are:

To maintain international peace and security, and to that end: to take effective collective measures for the prevention and removal of threats to the peace, and for the suppression of acts of aggression or other breaches of the peace, and to bring about by peaceful means, and in conformity with the principles of justice and international law, adjustment or settlement of international disputes or situations which might lead to a breach of the peace;

To develop friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples, and to take other appropriate measures to strengthen universal peace;

To achieve international co-operation in solving international problems of an economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian character, and in promoting and encouraging respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion; and

To be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations in the attainment of these common ends.

    Principles

    The Organization and its Members, in pursuit of the Purposes stated in Article 1, shall act in accordance with the following Principles:
    • The Organization is based on the principle of the sovereign equality of all its Members.
    • All Members, in order to ensure to all of them the rights and benefits resulting from membership, shall fulfill in good faith the obligations assumed by them in accordance with the present Charter.
    • All Members shall settle their international disputes by peaceful means in such a manner that international peace and security, and justice, are not endangered.
    • All Members shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state, or in any other manner inconsistent with the Purposes of the United Nations.
    • All Members shall give the United Nations every assistance in any action it takes in accordance with the present Charter, and shall refrain from giving assistance to any state against which the United Nations is taking preventive or enforcement action.
    • The Organization shall ensure that states which are not Members of the United Nations act in accordance with these Principles so far as may be necessary for the maintenance of international peace and security.
    • Nothing contained in the present Charter shall authorize the United Nations to intervene in matters which are essentially within the domestic jurisdiction of any state.

      Membership 

      With the addition of South Sudan on 14 July 2011, there are currently 193 United Nations member states, including all fully recognized independent states apart from Vatican City (the Holy See, which holds sovereignty over the state of Vatican City, is a permanent observer).

      The United Nations Charter outlines the rules for membership:
      • Membership in the United Nations is open to all other peace-loving states that accept the obligations contained in the present Charter and, in the judgment of the Organization, are able and willing to carry out these obligations. 
      • The admission of any such state to membership in the United Nations will be effected by a decision of the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council.

      Group of 77

      The Group of 77 at the UN is a loose coalition of developing nations, designed to promote its members' collective economic interests and create an enhanced joint negotiating capacity in the United Nations. 

      There were 77 founding members of the organization, but the organization has since expanded to 134 member countries. 

      The group was founded on 15 June 1964 by the "Joint Declaration of the Seventy-Seven Countries" issued at the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). 

      The first major meeting was in Algiers in 1967, where the Charter of Algiers was adopted and the basis for permanent institutional structures was begun.

      Abbreviation :G77
      Named after :Number of founding Member States
      Formation :June 15, 1964 ; 55 years ago
      Founded at :Geneva, Switzerland
      Type :Intergovernmental voting bloc
      Purpose :To provide a forum for developing nations to promote their economic interests
      Headquarters :United Nations Headquarters
      Methods :Collective bargaining, lobbying, reports and studies
      Fields :International politics
      Membership(2019) :134 Member States
      Chair of the Group of 77 :State of Palestine
      Affiliations :United Nations

      Last updated on: 18/10/2019

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