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Specialised Agencies of the UN

Many UN organizations and agencies exist to work on particular issues. Some of the most well-known agencies are the International Atomic Energy Agency, the Food and Agriculture Organization, UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization), the World Bank and the World Health Organization.

It is through these agencies that the UN performs most of its humanitarian work. Examples include mass vaccination programmes (through the WHO), the avoidance of famine and malnutrition (through the work of the WFP) and the protection of vulnerable and displaced people (for example, by the UNHCR).

The United Nations Charter stipulates that each primary organ of the UN can establish various specialized agencies to fulfill its duties.

Acronyms Agency Headquarters Established
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization Rome, Italy 1945
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency Vienna, Austria 1957
ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization Montreal, Canada 1947
IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development Rome, Italy 1977
ILO International Labour Organization Geneva, Switzerland 1946 (1919)
IMO International Maritime Organization London, United Kingdom 1948
IMF International Monetary Fund Washington, D.C., USA 1945 (1944)
ITU International Telecommunication Union Geneva, Switzerland 1947 (1865)
UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization   Paris, France 1946
UNIDO United Nations Industrial Development Organization Vienna, Austria 1967
UPU Universal Postal Union Bern, Switzerland 1947 (1874)
WB World Bank Washington, D.C., USA 1945 (1944)
WFP World Food Programme Rome, Italy 1963
WHO World Health Organization Geneva, Switzerland 1948
WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization Geneva, Switzerland 1974
WMO World Meteorological Organization Geneva, Switzerland 1950 (1873)
UNWTO World Tourism Organization Madrid, Spain 1974

Last updated on: 21/10/2019


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