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Telangana


Telangana is the eleventh largest state and the twelfth-most populated state in India with a geographical area of 112,077 km2 (43,273 sq mi) and 35,193,978 residents as per 2011 census.

On 2 June 2014, the area was separated from the northwestern part of Andhra Pradesh as the newly formed 28th state with Hyderabad as its historic permanent capital. 

Telangana is bordered by the states of Maharashtra to the north, Chhattisgarh to the east, Karnataka to the west, and Andhra Pradesh to the east and south.

The terrain of Telangana region consists mostly of hills, mountain ranges, and thick dense forests covering an area of 27,292 km2. 

As of 2019, the state of Telangana is divided into 33 districts.

During the 16th and 17th centuries, the region was ruled by the Mughals. The region is known for its Ganga-Jamuni Tehzeeb. 

During the 18th century and the British Raj, Telangana was ruled by the Nizam of Hyderabad. In 1823, the Nizams lost control over Northern Circars (Coastal Andhra) and Ceded Districts (Rayalseema), which were handed over to the East India Company. 

The Hyderabad state joined the Union of India in 1948 after an Indian military invasion. 

In 1956, the Hyderabad State was dissolved as part of the linguistic reorganisation of states and Telangana was merged with the Telugu-speaking Andhra State (part of the Madras Presidency during the British Raj) to form Andhra Pradesh. 

A peasant-driven movement began to advocate for separation from Andhra Pradesh starting in the early 1950s, and continued until Telangana was awarded separate statehood on 2 June 2014.

The economy of Telangana is the eighth-largest state economy in India with ₹8.66 lakh crore (US$130 billion) in gross domestic product and a per capita GDP of ₹206,000 (US$3,000).

Telangana ranks sixteenth among Indian states in human development index. The state has emerged as a major focus for robust IT software, industry and services sector. 

The state is also the main administrative centre of many Indian defence aero-space and research labs like Bharat Dynamics Limited, Defence Metallurgical Research Laboratory, Defence Research and Development Organisation and Defence Research and Development Laboratory.

The cultural hearts of Telangana, Hyderabad, and Warangal, are noted for their wealth and renowned historical structures – Charminar, Qutb Shahi Tombs, Paigah Tombs, Falaknuma Palace, Chowmahalla Palace, Warangal Fort, Kakatiya Kala Thoranam, Thousand Pillar Temple and the Bhongir Fort in Yadadri Bhuvanagiri district. 

The historic city Golconda in Hyderabad established itself as a diamond trading center and, until the end of the 19th century, the Golconda market was the primary source of the finest and largest diamonds in the world.  Thus, the legendary name Golconda Diamonds became synonymous with Golconda itself.

The Golconda region has produced some of the world's most famous diamonds, including the colorless Koh-i-Noor (owned by the United Kingdom), the blue Hope (United States), the pink Daria-i-Noor (Iran), the white Regent (France), the Dresden Green (Germany), and the colorless Orlov (Russia), Nizam and Jacob (India), as well as the now lost diamonds Florentine Yellow, Akbar Shah and Great Mogul. 

Religious edifices like the Lakshmi Narasimha Temple in Yadadri Bhuvanagiri district, Makkah Masjid in Hyderabad, and Medak Cathedral are several of its most famous places of worship.

Telangana has three National Parks: Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park in Hyderabad district, and Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National Park and Mrugavani National Park in Ranga Reddy district.

Mahatma Gandhi Bus Station (M.G.B.S) in Hyderabad is one of the largest bus stand in Asia.

The history of railways in this region dates back to the time of Nizam of Hyderabad in 1874. The Nizam's Guaranteed State Railway, which had its beginnings in a line built privately by the HEH the Nizam. Much to the dismay of the British authorities, The Nizam bore all the expenses for the construction of the line. It operates under the auspices of the South Central Railway founded in 1966.

Rajiv Gandhi International Airport at Shamshabad is an international airport serving the city of Hyderabad.

World's largest one man collection, Salar Jung Museum at Hyderabad.

It is also home to Ramoji Film City which is the world’s largest integrated film studio complex at over 2,000 acres (8.1 km2) of land.

South Asia's first lion safari, Nehru Zoological Park in the vicinity of Mir Alam Tank is picturesquely landscaped in its 120 hectares of rock strewn scrubland.

Hyderabad, houses Prasads IMAX theatre which was the biggest 3D IMAX screen in the world when it was built in 2007.

Kalvakuntla Chandrashekar Rao was elected as the first chief minister of Telangana.

Telangana
Area 112,077 km2
Population 35,193,978
Capital Hyderabad
No. of Districts 33
Official Language Telugu
Assembly seats 119
Lok Sabha seats 17
Rajya Sabha seats 7
Judiciary High Court for the State of Telangana
Emblem Kakatiya Kala Thoranam, Charminar
Song Jaya Jaya He Telangana Janani Jayakethanam
Mammal Spotted deer
Bird Indian Roller
Flower Senna auriculata
Fruit Mango
Tree Prosopis cineraria
River Srisailam Dam on River KrishnaGodavari, Krishna River, Manjira River and Musi River
Sport Kabaddi

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