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December 2019 - National News

  • Intensified Mission Indradhanush 2.0 launched on 2 Dec. Centre is launching nationwide vaccination drive to prevent eight diseases under Intensified Mission Indradhanush 2.0 across the country. The government's flagship scheme is aimed at immunizing children under the age of 2 years and pregnant women against eight vaccine preventable diseases. The IMI covers vaccines for diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, poliomyelitis, tuberculosis, measles, meningitis and Hepatitis B. Vaccines for Japanese encephalitis and hemophilus influenza are also being provided in selected areas. The IMI 2.0 aims to achieve targets of full immunization coverage in 272 districts spread over 27 States. The IMI 2.0 will be carried out between December 2019 and March 2020.

    In Rajasthan, Intensified Mission Indradhanush- 2 campaign has been launched. This campaign will be conducted in four phases across the state. Under this campaign, vaccination services will be provided free of cost to the drop out and left out children and pregnant women.

  • India has become the first country to make the entire process for pilgrims going on Haj completely digital. Minority Affairs Minister Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi on 01 December, 2019 said this after signing the bilateral agreement for next year's pilgrimage with the Saudi Haj Minister in Jeddah. Mr Naqvi said, an online application, e-visa, Haj mobile app, 'e-MASIHA' health facility, "e-luggage pre-tagging" providing all information in India itself regarding accommodation and transportation in Mecca and Madina will be provided to 2 lakh Indian Muslims going for Haj in 2020.

    The minister signed the bilateral annual Haj 2020 agreement between India and Saudi Arabia with Haj and Umrah Minister of Saudi Arabia Mohammad Saleh bin Taher Benten. He said, for the first time facilities were provided for digital pre-tagging of pilgrims' baggage. This year, a 100-line information centre has been established at the Haj House, Mumbai for providing information regarding the entire Haj process. The minister said, E-MASIHA (E-Medical Assistance System for Indian Pilgrims Abroad), an online system to create and maintain the complete health database of Indian pilgrims along with doctors' preions, medical treatment as well as medicine disbursal, has been developed to deal with any emergency in Mecca and Madina. The Minister said, Haj Group Organizers (HGOs) have also been connected with 100 per cent digital system which has ensured transparency in their functioning and has also ensured better facilities to Indian Haj pilgrims.12

  • Border Security Force (BSF) personnel celebrated the 55th raising day on 1 December 1965. The event was graced by Minister of State of Home Affairs NityanandRai attended the Raising Day celebrations of Border Security Force (BSF) on 1 December. During the occasion, he reviewed the passing out parade of BSF.
    Border Security Force (BSF):
    • It ensures the security of the borders of India by acting as the First Line of Defence against smuggling, infiltration, and military assault. BSF is one of the seven Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF).
    • BSF is the world's largest border guarding force. It functions under the Ministry of Home Affairs. The Minister responsible for BSF is Amit Shah, Minister of Home Affairs.

  • The 10-day-long Hornbill Festival of Nagaland began at Kisama, Nagaland on 1 December 2019. The 20th edition of the Hornbill festival was inaugurated by the State Governor R.N. Ravi.
    • The festival aims to pay rich tribute to the Naga leaders, who under extremely challenging circumstances, secured for the people, the Nagaland State with special status.
    Organized by:
    • The Hornbill festival is organized by the Nagaland State Government. It is an annual tourism promotional event
    Hornbill festival:
    • The festival showcases Nagaland's traditional and rich cultural heritage in all its ethnicity, diversity and grandeur.
    • The festival reminds the rich cultural heritage of Naga tribes.
    • It highlights the need to correct certain uncharitable distortions to Nagas' history by some colonial administrators.
    • The State government along with Eastern Air Command (EAC) Shillong organized a display of Sukhoi aircraft flying over Kisama site and headquarter.
    • Stalls were put up at Kisama at the festival.
    • The festival will witness the cultural performance of different tribes of Nagaland and Northeastern States, art exhibition, indigenous games, night carnival, city tour, photo-fest, among others.

  • The National Pollution Control Day is observed on 2 December every year. The day is observed in order to honor the lives that were lost because of the Bhopal gas calamity. On this day, the Pollution Control Department will organize several programs in this regard in the education institutions.

Aim: The day aims to spread awareness among the people about pollution and its control measures. The day also creates awareness about the problem caused by increasing pollution.

Bhopal gas: The Bhopal gas tragedy happened on the night of 2nd and 3rd December of 1984. The tragedy occurred because of the unintentional discharge of the poisonous Methyl Isocyanate (MIC) and some other chemicals released from the Union Carbide Chemical Plant in Bhopal. The Madhya Pradesh State government reported that 8,000 to 10,000 people died in that accident and 25,000 people died later due to the gas-related diseases. The Bhopal gas tragedy was identified as the biggest industrial pollution disaster in world history.

Preventive measures by the government: Indian government launched various acts and rules to control and prevent pollution in India including Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act of 1974, Air (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act of 1981, Environment (Protection) Act of 1986, Ozone Depleting Substances (Regulation) Rules of 2000, Environment Impact Assessment Notification of 2006, etc. National Pollution Control Board (NPCB) is the governing body of pollution in India. It regularly conducts checks on industries if the industries are following environmental regulations or not.

Pollution Control methods:

  • Pollution can be controlled by treating sewage and managing solid waste.
  • Various Urban Waste-water treatment and reuse project.
  • Treating electronic waste and reducing the waste generation.
  • Introducing projects on Clean Development Mechanism.

  • Exercise HAND-IN-HAND 2019 is to be conducted at Umroi, Meghalaya from 7 December. The 8th India-China joint training is held under the United Nations mandate. The exercise will be held from 7-20 December 2019.
    • The aim of the Exercise HAND-IN-HAND 2019 is to practice joint planning and conduct of counter-terrorist operations in semi-urban terrain.
    • The theme of the 14-day long training exercise is Counter-terrorism.
    • From the Chinese side, the Tibet Military command comprises 130 personal who will be participating in the event.
    • From the Indian Contingent, more than 100 personnel will participate in the training exercise

  • The Department of Justice (DOJ) has launched a programme to create awareness of their fundamental duties among the citizens. The year-long drive is a part of the celebrations of the 70th anniversary of Constitution Day that was celebrated on 26 November.
    Drive on fundamental duties:
    • The department will conduct activities such as online quizzes, essay competitions, and preamble pledge signing contest. It will be organized to educate them about their constitutional responsibilities.
    • The Ministry has outlined which duties should be handled by each ministry and asked them to prepare a calendar of activities.
    Fundamental Duties:
    • The Fundamental Duties were incorporated in Part IV-A of the Constitution by the 42nd amendment.
    • Article 51-A describes 11 Fundamental Duties. In 2002, one more duty was added by the 86th amendment. It was borrowed from USSR.
    The Fundamental Duties are:
    • Abide by the Indian Constitution and respect the national flag and National Anthem
    • Follow ideals of the freedom struggle
    • Protect sovereignty & integrity of India
    • Defend the country and render national services when called upon
    • Sprit of common brotherhood
    • Preserve composite culture
    • Preserve natural environment
    • Develop scientific temper
    • Safeguard the public property
    • Strive for excellence
    • Duty of all parents or guardians to send their children in the age group of 6-14 years to school

  • ECI to implement “Political Parties Registration Tracking Management System” (PPRTMS). The Election Commission of India (ECI) has launched the Political Parties Registration Tracking Management System (PPRTMS). ECI has reviewed the system and process of registration of political parties. The new guidelines will be effective from 1 January 2020. The guidelines are available on the ECI's website PPRTMS will be implemented through an online portal.
    Features of PPRTMS:
    • The portal will track the status of application by applicants. The applicant who applies for the party registration from 1 January 2020 onwards will be able to track the progress of the application.
    • The candidate will get status update through SMS and email.
    • The applicant must provide the contact mobile number and email address of either the party or the applicant in his application if he/she wishes to track the progress of the application

  • Nagaland CM Neiphiu Rio inaugurated the Multi-Media Exhibition at the World War II museum at the Hornbill festival, Kisama, Nagaland. The museum was organized by the Bureau of Outreach & Communication, Ministry of Information & Broadcasting. The exhibition commemorates the 150th Birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. This is the first time the Hornbill festival is hosting such an event.
    Multi-Media Exhibition: The aim of the exhibition event is to present Gandhian values and principles to the people of the nation. It aims to renew the commitment to the goals of a just, honest and fair society in the country.

  • Kerala mandates helmets for pillion riders. Kerala State government implemented the High Court directives of making helmets mandatory for pillion riders. Transport Commissioner of the State has directed strict checking of vehicles.
    • In the initial phase, the police will warn the pillion riders to wear a helmet before levying the fine.
    • Police of the State will check the vehicles to ensure that the two-wheeler riders are adhering to the new directives.
    • The violators should pay a penalty Rs.500.
    • The State Police are also planning to conduct an awareness programme before the strict implementation of the new rule.

  • Rajya Sabha passed the Prohibition of Electronic Cigarettes Bill, 2019. The bill seeks to prohibit the production, trade, transport, storage and advertisement of electronic cigarettes in the country. The bill was passed in Lok Sabha in November 2019. The bill will replace the ordinance issued to ban e-cigarettes in September.
    Provisions of the Bill:
    • The bill refers to electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) as the electronic devices that heat a substance to create vapour for inhalation.
    • The bill bans e-cigarettes in order to protect the youth from a new intoxication
    • It makes the production, manufacturing, transport, sale, import, export, distribution, storage or advertisements of such alternative smoking devices a cognizable offence
    • The offence will attract a jail term and a fine
    • The violators will get a penalty of jail term up to 3 years and fine up to Rs.5 lakh for violations.
    • The violators will have to penalty of jail term up to one year and a fine up to Rs.1 lakh for the first time
    • For repeat offenders, jail term might extend up to three years and a fine up to Rs.5 lakh
    • Any individual who stores e-cigarettes will also be punished with jail up to 6 months or fine up to Rs.50,000 or each

  • New Delhi is to host the National Sikh Games (NSG) 2020. The game will be held from 9-11 January 2020 across various venues in New Delhi. NSG is a modelled replica of Australian Sikh Games. The announcement was made by Manjinder Singh Sirsa, President Delhi Sikh Gurdwara Committee. NSG is dedicated to the 550th birth anniversary of Guru Nanak Dev.
    Aim: NSG aims to bring sports to the heart of the Sikh community and tap in a unique sporting talents of Sikh Youths. The game aims to tackle the problem of obesity, drug menace among Sikh children through sports and physical activities.
    Organized by: NSG is organized by Delhi based philanthropic Jap Jaap Sewa Trust in association with Delhi Sikh Gurdwara Management Committee and various sports, cultural associations.

  • Cabinet approves SC/STs reservation in Lok Sabha, state assemblies for another 10 years. The Cabinet approved a proposal to extend reservation for SCs and STs in the Lok Sabha and the State Assemblies for another 10 years. The reservation for these categories in the Lok Sabha and State Assemblies was to expire on 25th of January, 2020. Government also approved The Central Sanskrit Universities Bill to be introduced in the Parliament. The bill has provision for conversion of three Sanskrit Deemed to be Universities into Central Universities.

    The Cabinet also approved land monetization at Pragati Maidan to build a five-star hotel. ITPO will undertake the mega project to redevelop Pragati Maidan into a world class International Exhibition and Convention Centre. It also approved The Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens (Amendment) Bill, 2019. The Bill seeks to amend the Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizen Act, 2007.

  • LokSabha passed the Recycling of Ships Bill, 2019 on 3 December 2019. The Bill was introduced by the Minister of State for Shipping, Mansukh Mandaviya in the lower house. It seeks the restriction of the use of hazardous material on ships and regulates the recycling of ships by establishing a National Authority.
    • The Bill seeks to regulate the recycling of ships as per international standards.
    • The Bill will help the ship recycling industry and generate more jobs in the country.
    • The Bill prohibits the use of hazardous materials of recycled ships. Use hazardous materials in a ship will be punishable with imprisonment of up to three months or a fine of up to Rs.5 lakh or both.
    • The National Authority will be the nodal agency to administer, supervise and monitor the recycling operations.
    • The Bill states that every Ship Recycler must prepare a ship recycling plan which should be approved by the Competent Authority. Only after getting the recycling certificate can the ship be recycled.
    The Bill is applicable to:
    • Any new or existing ship which is registered in India.
    • The ships entering a port or terminal in India or the territorial waters of India.
    • Other ship owned and operated by an administration or any warships that are used on government non-commercial service.
    • Ship recycling facilities operating in India.

  • Merger of Union Territories) Bill, 2019. Rajya Sabha passed the Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu (Merger of Union Territories) Bill, 2019 on 3 December 2019. The Bill aims to merge two Union territories Daman & Diu, and Dadra & Nagar Haveli into one unit. The Bill was passed in Lok Sabha on 27 November 2019.
    Provisions of the Bill:
    • The Bill aims to strengthen the administrative efficiency and the development of the two union territories.
    • The merger will reduce the administrative cost of the two Union Territories.
    • The merged Union Territories of Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu will be named as Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu.

  • Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2019. The Union Cabinet headed by PM Modi cleared the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2019 on 4 December 2019. The bill amends the Citizenship Act, 1955. The Bill will now be introduced in the 2019 winter session of the Parliament. The announcement was made by the Information and Broadcasting Minister Prakash Javadekar. The Bill was passed in Lok Sabha in January 2019 but lapsed without being cleared in Rajya Sabha.
    • The Bill will grant citizenship to non-Muslims from Afghanistan, Bangladesh, and Pakistan who came to India before 31 December 2014.
    • The Bill will provide citizenship to six communities namely Hindus, Christians, Sikhs, Jains, Buddhists, and Parsis.
    • It will help the minority communities who face religious persecution.

  • Personal Data Protection Bill 2019. The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi approved the Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019. It was announced by the Union Minister Prakash Javadekar. It will now be introduced in the 2019 winter session of the Parliament.
    Provisions of the Bill:
    • The Bill will lay down a framework including the processing of personal and private data by public and private entities.
    • It will provide broad guidelines on the collection, storage, and processing of personal data.
    • The law will also include the consent of individuals, penalties and compensation, code of conduct and an enforcement model.
    • The Bill will provide protection to regulate the use of individual data by the government and private companies.
    • The draft of the Bill was prepared by a high-level expert group chaired by former Supreme Court judge B.N. Srikrishna in 2018.
    • The inter-ministerial consultation delayed the passing of the Bill.

  • The Union Cabinet assessed and approved the Joint Declaration of Intent (JDI) between India and Germany. The JDI was aimed at strengthening the cooperation on strategic projects in the field of Railways. The Joint Declaration of Intent was signed in the month of November 2019.
    JDI Benefits:
    • Under the agreement, the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy of Germany will provide a platform to Indian Railways to interact and share the latest developments and knowledge in the field of Railways.
    • The agreement will conduct the exchange of information expert meetings, seminars, technical visits and implementation of jointly agreed cooperation projects.

  • Special Protection Group (Amendment) Bill. Rajya Sabha passed the Special Protection Group (Amendment) Bill, 2019. The Bill was passed by the Lok Sabha on 27 November 2019. With this amendment, the SPG will provide cover officially only for the Prime Minister. The amendment to the act focuses on the core mandate, as the security of the prime minister is of paramount importance for the government, governance and national security.
    Special Protection Group (SPG):
    • Special Protection Group was formed in 1988 by an act of the Parliament of India. It is headquartered in New Delhi.
    • The special force provides security to the Prime Minister of India and the former Prime Ministers of India. The Director of SPG is Arun Kumar Sinha.

  • AICTE approves IRS to rank higher educational institutions. The All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) Executive Committee approved the India Rankings Society (IRS) to develop and evolve methodologies and systems to rank higher educational institutions. The decision was made at the 127th meeting of the AICTE Executive Committee. The announcement was made by the HRD Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal 'Nishaank'.
    Aim: The aim of the IRS is to rank the higher educational institutions and based on such methodologies, rank and rate them under various categories, domains, and sub-domain.
    NIRF: Currently, the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) is used to rank institutes on five different parameters namely:
    • teaching, learning, and resources
    • research and professional practice
    • graduation outcomes
    • Outreach and Inclusivity
    • perception
    Indian Higher Educational Institutes are ranked by the Indian Ranking 2019, into nine categories namely University, Management, Engineering, College, Law, Architecture, Pharmacy, Medical, and Overall. These rankings are aimed to create an environment of excellence.

  • Government to establish first maritime museum at Lothal. The government is to establish a National Maritime Heritage Museum, at Lothal, a Harappan site on the Saurashtra coast in Gujarat. The move aims to boost the underwater or marine archaeology. Lothal site is one of the oldest ports in India dating to the Bronze Age.
    National Maritime Heritage Museum:
    • The Maritime Museum is being set up with technical help from the Portuguese Maritime Heritage Museum.
    • The government has appointed the first Director-General for the museum. The DG will be attached to the Maritime Board of the Gujarat government.
    • The Museum will be an independent research centre of underwater archaeology for the reconstruction of maritime history, the archaeology of boat building and materials traded.
    • The museum will display salvaged material from shipwreck sites in the Indian Ocean waters.

  • Himachal Pradesh approved to sell Yamuna water. The Himachal Pradesh State Cabinet approved to sign the memorandum of understanding (MoU) to sell the water of River Yamuna from Maharashtra's share at Tajewala corridor. The Cabinet meeting was chaired by Chief Minister Jai Ram Thakur. With this decision, the State would earn Rs.21 crore per annum.

  • Indian Navy Day is observed every year on 4 December. The day commemorates the Operation Trident. The Day celebrates the achievements and role of the Indian naval force in the country.
    • The theme for the 2019 Navy day is Indian Navy-Salient, Strong and Swift.
    • The theme celebrates the courageous Navy personnel for their valuable services and sacrifices that made the nation stronger and safer.
    • The Navy Day was first observed on 4 December 1971.
    • The day was designated in order to work towards securing marine borders and strengthen relationships with other countries through joint exercises, humanitarian missions, and relief operations.
    Operation Trident:
    • Operation Trident was held on 4-5 December 1971. The first offensive operation was launched against Pakistan's port city of Karachi during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 by the Indian Navy.
    • During the operation, Indian suffered no loss whereas Pakistan's 3 ships sunk, 1 ship badly damaged, and the Karachi harbour fuel storage tanks destroyed. INS Nipat, INS Nirghat and INS Veer played an important role in the attack.

    The Maratha Emperor, Chhatrapati Shivaji Bhosle, is considered as the Father of the Indian Navy.

  • India ranked 73rd in the 2019 E-commerce Index. India ranked 73rd in the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development's (UNCTAD) Business-to-Consumer (B2C) E-commerce Index 2019. The ranking was conducted for 152 countries. The Netherlands topped the index for the second consecutive year.
    Report highlights:
    • The survey was conducted among 152 countries.
    • The index measured an economy's preparedness to support online shopping.
    • The index marked the readiness of the countries that are engaged in online commerce.
    • The survey also included a parameter where the portion of every country's population that uses the internet and has an account with a financial institution or mobile-money-service provider.
    • The least developed countries occupy 18 of the 20 bottom positions. Among the 20 economies that ranked the lowest value in the 2019 index, 18 are the least developed countries.
    • Comoros, Burundi, Chad, and Niger holds the last positions in the index.
    • India has slightly improved its position from 80 in 2018 and 83 in 2017. India Internet shoppers as a share of Internet users were 11% and Internet shoppers as a share of population of 3% in 2017.
    • Countries are measured on the access to secure internet servers, the reliability of postal services and infrastructure.

  • Vice Admiral Ravneet Singh took charge as the Chief of Personnel of the Indian Navy on 2 December 2019. He replaced Vice Admiral R Hair Kumar. He will be heading the Personnel Branch of the Indian Navy. He will be responsible for all personal issues of Service and Civilian manpower of the Navy including training, induction, discipline, career management, pay, and allowances.
    Vice Admiral Ravneet Singh:
    • Vice Admiral Ravneet Singh is a qualified flying instructor with Master Green Instrument Rating. He was commissioned on 1 July 1983.
    • He served as a Flag Officer. He has held various appointments as Assistant Controller Warship Production in the Assistant Controller Carrier Project and Acquisition at IHQ MoD(N), Flag Officer Goa Area, Flag Officer Naval Aviation at Goa, Flag Officer Commanding Western Fleet at Mumbai, Chief of Staff at Headquarters Western Naval Command at Mumbai, and Director General Project Seabird at IHQ MoD(N).

  • Centre has banned more than 14,500 NGOs in the last 5 years. Ministry of Home Affairs reported that more than 14,500 Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) have been banned in the last five years. Those NGOs were registered under the Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA). The report was submitted by the Union Minister of State for Home Affairs Nityanand Rai.
    FCRA registration:
    • The Ministry has also has cancelled FCRA registration of 1,808 NGOs so far. The certificates have been cancelled for non-submission of mandatory annual returns for 2017-18.
    • The FCRA and rules provide that all FCRA NGOs and associations should file annual returns on time. The non-compliant NGOs are issued notices and reminders through the online mechanism.
    • The FCRA registered NGOs in India have been given a total of Rs.2,244.77 crore in 2018-19, as on 28 November 2019, and Rs.16,902.41 crore in 2017-18.

  • International Volunteer Day is observed on 5 December every year. The day provides a unique chance for volunteers and organizations to celebrate their efforts, to share their values. It also promotes the work by various communities, United Nations agencies, government authorities, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and the private sector.
    • The day is observed to increase the awareness of the important contribution of volunteer service. It aims to combat poverty, hunger, disease, illiteracy, environmental degradation and discrimination against women.
    • On 17 December 1985, the United Nations General Assembly passed the resolution to observe the International Volunteer Day for Economic and Social Development.
    • The day was instituted to provide a chance for individual volunteers, communities, and organizations to join with the UN to promote their contributions to development at the local, national and international levels.
    • On 22 November 2002, the UNGA directed the United Nations Volunteers (UNV) programme to ensure that the potential of International Volunteer Day is fully realized.

  • Cipla Foundation introduced MSL to provide quality education. Cipla Foundation has introduced a mobile science lab (MSL) under its corporate social responsibility (CSR) with its Agastya International Foundation. It implemented the Agastya International Foundation.
    • It aims to provide quality education to the students in Sikkim.
    • The initiative also aimed to create awareness of science among children and teachers.
    Mobile Science Lab:
    • The mobile science lab is expected to reach out to 1,400 students across 10 schools in the periphery of the Golden Cross Unit.
    • The Lab will maximize the potential of every child.
    • Learning is the most important investment in one's future.
    • The students can learn through the mobile science lab and use the opportunity to prepare for state-level science workshops.

  • Mumbai Central railway station certified as India’s first Eat Right Station. Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) certified Mumbai Central railway station as India's first Eat Right Station. It rated the station with four stars rating. The move comes under the Eat Right India initiative started by FSSAI in 2018.
    Eat Right Station:
    • Indian Railways (IR) launched the Eat Right Station as a part of efforts to help passengers make a healthy and right food choice.
    • Mumbai Central Railway Station has been judged on the basis of compliance of food safety and hygiene, food handling at preparation, availability of healthy diet, food waste management, transshipment and retail, and serving point, promotion of local and seasonal food.
    • The station aims to create awareness on food safety and a healthy diet.
    • FSSAI in partnership with Western Railways (WR) and Indian Railways Catering Tourism Corporation (IRCTC) has trained food handlers, both in base kitchens and canteens.
    • FSSAI officials inspected catering establishments at the station as per the procedure, rated and certified the standard of food.
    Eat Right India movement:
    • The movement aims to engage, and enable citizens to improve their health and well-being. The movement is based on two basic foundations namely 'Eat Healthy and Eat Safe'. The movement was initiated by FSSAI. The collective effort ensures that both demand and supply-side interventions occur through the key stakeholders.
    • On the demand side, it focuses on the behavioral and social change of the consumers. It is expected to lead them to make the right food choice.
    • On the supply side, it encourages the people involved in the food business to reformulate their products. It directs them to provide more nutritional awareness to the consumers, including matters like proper water disposal, hygiene maintenance, and following safe food practices.

  • The 2nd Nagaland Honey Bee Day was celebrated on 5 December 2019 at the Heritage, Old DC Bungalow, Kohima, Nagaland. It aims to give more effort to continue on mission for more production of honey and to make Nagaland a Honey destination.
    Theme: The theme of the Honey Bee Day is Save Bee Save Life.
    Organized by:
    • The program was organized by Nagaland Beekeeping and Honey Mission (NBHM) with support from North East Council (NEC).
    • The Nagaland State Government declared 5 December as the Nagaland Honey Bee Day.
    • On the program, the State Level and District level Best Beekeepers and Best Village Beekeeping committee were awarded a cash prize of Rs.10,000 and citations.
    • A short documentary film was screened on rearing of stingless bees in Nagaland title My Bees are Stingless.

  • Odisha to merge KALIA scheme with PM Kisan scheme. The Odisha government is to merge the State's Krushak Assistance for Livelihood and Income Augmentation (KALIA) scheme with the Centre's Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-Kisan) yojana due to financial constraint.
    KALIA Scheme:
    • KALIA Chhatravritti scheme was launched by the Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik in December 2018.
    • Under the scheme farmers, mostly small and marginal cultivators will get Rs. 10,000 in two installments for two crops in a year. The landless agricultural farmers eligible to get Rs.12,000 per annum for three years.
    PM-Kisan scheme:
    • Under the PM-Kisan scheme, the central government is providing annually Rs.6,000 in three equal installments to about 14 crore farmers.

  • The University of Mysore (UoM) is to set up a separate Department of Disabilities and Rehabilitation Studies (DDRS) on its campus at Manasa gangotri. It was approved by the University of Mysore Academic Council. With this, UoM became the first varsity in the state to introduce the course, as per the directives of the Union Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) and the University Grants Commission (UGC).
    Aim: The University aims to help the welfare of disabled persons. The students can study the course along with the PG departments in Psychology, Food Science and Nutrition, Physical Education and Master of Social Work (MSW). It encourages the studies in disabilities.
    DDRS in University of Mysore:
    • DDRS will come into effect from the next academic year 2019-20.
    • It will be set up in the Department of Studies in Physical Education and Sports Sciences.
    • The University will offer Rs.500 per month as stipend to students who join the course.

  • Sarai 14MLD Sewage Treatment Plant was inaugurated. The 14 million liters per day (MLD) Sewage Treatment Plant (STP) Sarai in Haridwar, Uttarakhand started its functioning on 5 December 2019. The plant was completed before its scheduled timeline. It was inaugurated by their Majesties, King Carl XVI Gustaf and Queen Silvia of Sweden, Chief Minister of Uttarakhand, Shri Trivendra Singh Rawat, Union Minister of Jal Shakti, ShriGajendra Singh Shekhawat, Dr. MajaFjaestad, Secretary of State, Sweden, Mr. KlasMolin, Ambassador of Sweden to India, Shri Rajiv Ranjan Mishra, Director General, NMCG, and Ms. Monika KapilMohta, Ambassador of India to Sweden.
    Sarai 14MLD Sewage Treatment Plant :
    • The Sarai 14 MLD Sewage Treatment Plant is the first STP that was completed under the Hybrid Annuity Model (HAM) based Public-Private Partnership Model
    • The cost of the project was Rs.41.40 crores.
    • The Plant is based on an advanced aerobic biological process which is capable of removing the nutrients during treatment.
    • It is a 100% eco-friendly project. The plant will meet the highest standards of output parameters.
    • The plant is expected to be maintained and operated for a period of 15 years by the same developer for efficient performance and for meeting output parameters.
    • The Municipal sewage is being tackled through 150 Sewerage projects at a cost of more than Rs. 23,000crores.

  • HDFC ERGO launched my health Woman Suraksha policy. HDFC ERGO General Insurance Company launched My Health Woman Suraksha policy to address all health-related concerns.
    My health Woman Suraksha policy:
    • The policy has been designed to cover women against numerous illnesses and contingencies they may face during their lifetime.
    • The policies aim to provide financial aid in case of medical contingencies.
    • The National Health Portal of India said that the women in India face many health issues like breast cancer, malnutrition, lack of maternal health. This policy will cover various types of cancers & related surgeries, pregnancy and neonatal complications and assaults and burns.
    • The policy will also cover women from critical illnesses like Cardiac ailments, Rheumatoid Arthritis, and others along with post-diagnosis support like Molecular Gene profiling test, Second Medical opinion and counselling to support women through the illness.
    • The policy provides counseling on stress management, pregnancy care, work-life balance, etc, to the new age women.
    • The policy is offered to women between 18-65 years of age and offers a sum insured ranging from Rs.1 lakh to Rs.1 crore.

  • In 2018 India recorded the highest estimated number of cervical cancer deaths. A report by Lancet Global Health said India recorded the highest estimated number of cervical cancer deaths in 2018. India contributed with 97,000 cases and 60,000 deaths and China recorded over 106,000 cases and 48,000 deaths
    Report Highlight:
    • The report titles Estimates of incidence and mortality of cervical cancer in 2018: a worldwide analysis said that the global cervical cancer cases reported in India and China together contributed 35% of the global cases in 2018.
    • India contributed with 97,000 cases and 60,000 deaths and China recorded over 106,000 cases and 48,000 deaths.
    • The report stated that China had the highest number of cases, and India had the highest number of estimated cervical cancer deaths.
    • The researchers used data from 185 countries in the Global Cancer Observatory 2018 database.
    • The report said that the global scaling up of HPV vaccination and HPV-based screening has the potential to make cervical cancer a rare disease in the future.
    Cervical cancer: Cervical cancer occurs in the cells of the cervix, the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina. Various strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV) play a role in causing most cervical cancer. HPV is a sexually transmitted infection. Squamous cell carcinoma and Adenocarcinoma are the two main types of cervical cancer. This type of cancer is a preventable disease if it diagnosed earlier at a long pre-malignant phase through regular screening.

  • India stands as fifth worst country in terms of biometric use. The Britain-based tech research firm Comparitech reported that India is the fifth worst country in terms of extensive and invasive use of biometric data. Before India, stands China, Malaysia, Pakistan, and the US. India shared the fifth position along with Taiwan, Indonesia, and the Philippines.
    Report highlights:
    • The researchers analyzed 50 countries to find out where biometrics is being taken, the reason for the collection of the biometric data, and the process of the data storage.
    • The countries were marked out of 25.
      A high score secured by a country shows an extensive and invasive use of biometrics and surveillance.
      A low score shows better restrictions and regulations regarding biometric use and surveillance.
    • The researchers also checked whether the country failed to introduce a law to protect biometric data.
    • The report said that despite knowing the sensitiveness of the biometric data, many countries accepted as the biometric use.
    • India scored 19 out of 25. The country ranked relatively lower in the list of worst countries for biometric data collection. India does not permit law enforcement to get access to the national biometric database known as Aadhaar.
    The top 5 best countries in terms of collection, storage and use of biometric data as per the report are:
    1. Ireland
    2. Portugal
    3. Cyprus
    4. The UK
    5. Romania

  • Civil Defence Day is celebrated on 6 December 2019 in India. Day is observed every year. The day aims to make aware of the citizens and highlight the importance of Civil Defence.
    • Civil Defence being a voluntary Organization. It acts as a protector to the civilian population during the crisis. T
    • The Civil Defence and Home Guards are the twin Voluntary organizations for the cause of defence to the nation. These organizations are based on the concept of safety of the common man.
    • The Directorate General Fire Services, Civil Defence was established on 17th November 1962.
    • It functions under the Ministry of Home Affairs Government of India. Initially, there were only four sections namely Fire Section, Civil Defence, Home Guards, and Communication Section.
    • It was re-designated as Director-General, National Emergency Response Force, and Civil Defence on 2nd September 2004. It was then re-designated as Director-General, National Disaster Response Force & Civil Defence on 1st December 2006.
    • On 26 February 2014, it was re-designated as Director General, Fire Services, Civil Defence and Home Guards.

  • The Union Ministry of Shipping has approved the development of the Loktak Inland Waterways Project in Manipur. The state government had been demanding the development of the project for a long time. The demand for development of this project was initiated by Loktak Development Authority Chairman L. Susindro Meitei. The approval of this project by the Government of India will give a boost to tourism in the state. The total cost of this project is 25.58 crores. This will give a boost to inland water transport connectivity in the North-Eastern states and also give a big boost to the tourism sector. It will be the cheapest means of transport in the area. There is less chance of accident so it is safer than road and rail. The scheme has been approved on the basis that, it will not harm the environment and its flow will not affect the natural resources.

  • The Union Government has launched the fourth round of the regional connectivity scheme, UDAN to boost connectivity to more remote and regional areas of the country. UDAN, which stands for ‘Ude Desh Ka Aam Nagrik’, aims to make air travel affordable and widespread. The UDAN 4.0 will focus on the priority regions including the northeast, hilly states, Jammu and Kashmir UT, Ladakh and islands. The Union Ministry of Civil Aviation launched the 4th round of the Regional Connectivity Scheme (RCS) UDAN following three successful rounds of bidding to enhance connectivity in the remote and regional areas of the country.

    The UDAN scheme was launched in October 2016 to make air travel affordable by providing connectivity to the under-served areas in the country by the revival of existing airports and airstrips. Besides making travel affordable and accessible to all, the UDAN scheme aims to boost inclusive national economic development, development of air transport infrastructure in all regions and job growth.

  • The MPs unanimously took this decision that food subsidy will be abolished in the canteen of Parliament of India. The Business Advisory Committee suggested the abolition of subsidy. Now Members of Parliament will get food at a normal rate. Subsidies in Parliament's canteen cost around Rs 17 crore annually. As per the media reports, the exemption given to the MPs on food in Parliament can now be abolished soon. Now, MPs will have to pay according to the cost of food. The food price was increased in the canteen during the last Lok Sabha and the subsidy bill was reduced. But now, the government is ready to eliminate subsidy completely.

  • The Taxation Laws (Amendment) Bill, 2019, which seeks to amend the Income Tax Act 1961, has been passed by the Parliament. The bill was passed by the Rajya Sabha on December 5, 2019. The bill will replace an ordinance promulgated by the President in September 2019 to reduce corporate tax rates. The bill will amend both the Income Tax Act 1961 and the Finance (No 2) Act 2019. The bill seeks to attract more investment in the manufacturing sector by bringing down corporate tax rates to 22 percent without incentives and 15 percent for new manufacturing entities.

  • The paramilitary personnel will now wear Khadi uniforms as the instructions released by Home Minister Amit Shah recently. Amit Shah instructed the heads of paramilitary forces to use the Make-in-India products. Now, more than 10 lakh soldiers of Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Border Security Force (BSF), Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), National Security Guard (NSG) and Assam Rifles will wear Khadi uniforms.

  • The Andhra Pradesh cabinet has approved the enactment of the Andhra Pradesh Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, which proposes harsh punishment for crimes against women. The cabinet under AP Chief Minister YS Jagan Mohan Reddy gave its approval on December 11, 2019. The Andhra Pradesh Criminal Law (Amendment) Act is also known as Disha Act. The act provides for harsher punishments to those guilty of heinous crimes against women including the death sentence.The historic decision was taken as a measure to protect women and children in the state. The AP cabinet also approved Andhra Pradesh Special Court for Specified Offences against Women and Children Act, 2019.

    The Disha act calls for speedy trial within 14 days and judgment within 21 days in case of heinous crimes against women such as acid attacks and rape, in the presence of conclusive evidence. The Andhra cabinet has also given its approval to the Andhra Pradesh Special Court for Specified Offences against Women and Children Act 2019, which proposes the establishment of special courts in every district in the country to deal with cases of crimes against women and children. The special courts will deal with serious offences such as acid attacks, rape, gang rape, sexual harassment, stalking and voyeurism. It would also deal with cases under the POCSO Act.

    Under the bill, those found guilty of sexual abuse and assault on children will be tried under section 354 (F) of the Indian Penal Code. The AP cabinet has increased the jail term for such crimes under the POCSO Act. The punishment for a sexual attack on children will now invite 10-14 years of a jail term or life imprisonment, depending upon the severity of the committed crime.The bill also proposes taking strict action against those who upload degrading posts about women on social media under Indian Penal Code section 354 (E). The first-time offenders will be punished with two years of jail term, while the second-time offenders will be punished with four years of jail term. Besides this, the Disha Act proposes a death sentence to those guilty of heinous crimes against women.

  • The government has approved the proposed bill to amend the Aircraft Act, 1934. The regulation of the air sector will be strengthened with this bill. In case of negligence in aircraft operation, a fine of up to 1 crore can now be imposed. Earlier its maximum limit was Rs. 10 lakh. It proposes a penalty of Rs 1 crore on the person convicted of carrying weapons (arms), ammunition or dangerous goods in the aircraft or endangering the safety of the aircraft in any way. This amended bill will be introduced in Parliament as the Aircraft (Amendment) Bill 2019. 

  • The President of India Ram Nath Kovind has signed Citizen Amendment Bill 2019 (CAB). Now, it has become law but north-eastern states are protesting against this bill. Union Home Minister Amit Shah made it clear that this bill will not be applicable in Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura (about 70%) and almost entire Meghalaya because of Inner Line Permit in these states. President Ram Nath Kovind signed an order to extend Inner Line Permit (ILP) to Manipur on December 12. In Assam, the Bodo, Karbi, and Dimasa areas fall under the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution, so this law will not apply there too.

    The concerned state issues ILP. It can be obtained by applying online or directly from the government office. The ILP card indicates travel dates and also specifies the specific areas in the state that an ILP holder can travel. Those states fall under ILP will not affect by Citizen Amendment Bill (CAB). The beneficiaries will become Indian citizens under the citizenship amendment bill but they will not be able to settle in these four states. Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland are not much affected by illegal migrants. However, Mizoram shares its border with Bangladesh. The most affected states with illegal migration are – Assam, Tripura and Meghalaya.

    What is Inner Line Permit (ILP)?
    • The Inner Line Permit is a document that allows an Indian citizen to go or live in a protected state under the ILP system for a specific period of time.
    • The Inner Line Permit is currently applicable in four northeastern states - Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, and Mizoram. It is important to get an ILP to travel to these states.
    • It has a fixed duration; outside citizens cannot live in these states after that period.
    • The concept of an inner line permit was formulated during the British Government. An inner line permit is a travel document issued under the Eastern Frontier Regulations in 1873.
    • Actually, the purpose of the British government was to protect their business interests by preventing Indians from doing business in these areas.
    • The Government of India changed it in the year 1950. After independence, this rule was changed to a protective system to protect the local population from attacks of mass exodus.
    • Now, those people need a permit who are not 'natives' in these states despite they are long-term residents. Such people have to renew their permits every six months.

  • Vijay Diwas is celebrated on December 16 every year to commemorate India’s victory over Pakistan in 1971. India had defeated Pakistan in this war. Indian army brought Pakistani soldiers to their knees. Another fact is that Bangladesh was born on this day. Hence, Bangladesh celebrates its independence day on December 16 every year.The three army chiefs reached the War Memorial in Delhi and paid tribute to the soldiers.

    The Government of India decided on December 03, 1971, that India would go for war with Pakistan to save Bengali Muslims and Hindus. This war was fought between India and Pakistan for 13 days only. But, the Pakistani army surrendered before India with 93,000 soldiers. It was the Indian Army’s one of the biggest victories ever made against Pakistan.

  • The Supreme Court has formed a two-judge committee to ensure speedy disposal of rape cases across India. The committee was set up by Chief Justice SA Bobde. The committee will comprise two members including Justices R Subhash Reddy and MR Shah. The committee will be looking into expeditious disposal of rape cases across the country. CJI Bobde constituted the two-judge panel by exercising his administrative powers to monitor the rape cases to ensure their speedy disposal in a time-bound manner. The committee would monitor the case through the High Courts.

  • Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik launched the 'Jalasathi' programme on December 18, 2019 with the aim to ensure supply of safe drinking water to all households in the state. The Odisha CM also launched the ‘JalSathi’ App on the occasion. During the launch, the Odisha CM reiterated the importance of clean drinking water to maintain good health. He also paid Rs 593 to clear the water cess dues of his residence Naveen Niwas and distributed water quality testing kits and POS (point of sale) machines to the 'Jalasathis'. The Odisha government has roped in women volunteers to serve the people as 'Jalasathis'. This is a significant step, as it will help boost the economic empowerment of the women in the state. The JalSathi initiative aims to ensure the supply of clean drinking water to consumers through piped water connections.

    Under the 'Jalasathi' programme, over 5,000 women will be engaged in Odisha to supply safe drinking water. The programme will be initially implemented in eight wards of Bhubaneswar Municipal Corporation under the 5T initiative of the Housing and Urban Development. It will be implemented in the remaining wards of the city as well as other urban areas of the state in the next phases. The initiative is expected to benefit around 70 lakh people in urban areas. The Jalasathis will serve as the links between consumers and the Public Health Engineering Organisation (PHEO) or WATCO. The Jalasathis will be responsible for testing of water quality, facilitating new water connections and regularising connections, reassessing of demands, reading of meter, bill generation and delivery, collection of water charges and facilitating complaints redressal.

  • The government of India has launched National Broadband Mission (NBM) with an aim to provide an internet connection to all villages by 2022. The affiliated parties will invest Rs 7 lakh crore in the coming years. In rural areas, broadband access will be made available on a universal and equal basis. Union Minister of Communications Ravi Shankar Prasad inaugurated this mission.

    National Broadband Mission is part of the National Digital Communications Policy, 2018. The project aims to provide a fast-track growth to digital communication and digital infrastructure in the country. The government believes that this project will bring digital empowerment and inclusion that can give affordable and universal access to broadband to all. Earlier, broadband services were reached up to 1,42,000 villages through BharatNet mission.

  • Every year India celebrates National Farmers Day on December 23 to mark former Prime Minister of India Chaudhary Charan Singh’s birth anniversary. The government organizes many programs and debates, seminars on agriculture on this day.

    It was decided by the government of India to celebrate Farmers Day in 2001. It is believed that ‘Zamindari Abolition Bill-1952’ was passed due to Chaudhary Charan Singh’s hard work. Chaudhary Charan Singh was also known as a farmer’s leader. This is celebrated every year especially in those states which are actively engaged in farming such as Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh among others.

  • Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal announced that the Delhi Cabinet has passed the Electric Vehicle Policy to tackle air pollution. Kejriwal said that the government will give subsidies to promote e-vehicles. He said that an electric vehicle board will be formed to implement this policy. Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal said that the objective of this policy is to make Delhi the capital of electric vehicles in India.

    Chief Minister Kejriwal said that our goal is to ensure that 25% of the new vehicles registered by 2024 are electric vehicles. The first draft of the e-vehicle policy was made public in November 2018. This policy has been formulated after receiving feedback from several expert bodies like the United Nations Environment Program, International Transport Council, Clean Transport among others. Kejriwal also said that vehicles have been a major cause of pollution, with 40% of PM 2.5 and 80% of NOx and carbon monoxide being caused by vehicles.

  • Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) has approved the creation of Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) post. It will be a four-star post. The country will soon get its first Chief of Defense Staff. Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced to create this post from Red Fort on 15 August this year. The purpose of creating the Chief of Defence Staff post is to increase the coordination between the three armies. A committee was formed under the chairmanship of National Security Advisor Ajit Doval to finalize the modalities and responsibilities of CDS.

    The Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) will be the highest-ranked officer of India’s armed forces. CDS will be the four-star army officer. CDS provides his recommendations to the central government about all three armies – Air Force, Army, and Navy. The CDS will serve as the unified military advisor to the Prime Minister and the Minister of Defense. The CDS will also advise on nuclear matters in the situation of war. However, tenure of Chief of Defence Staff has not yet declared.

    At present, the army works without Chief of Defence Staff (CDS). There is Chairman of Chiefs of Staff Committee (COSC) where chiefs of all three armies represent in the committee. Whenever any emergency or urgent situations come up, COSC calls for the meeting and all three chiefs works as a team.

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched Atal Bhujal Yojana on the occasion of 95th birth anniversary of former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. The Central Government has allocated Rs. 6000 crores for this scheme. According to Union Minister Prakash Javadekar, the Atal Bhujal Yojana has been brought to deal with the groundwater problem. It will cost Rs 6000 crores rupees in 5 years. However Rs. 3000 crore will be given by World Bank and Rs 3000 crores to be spent by the government.

    What is Atal Bhujal Yojana? • This scheme has been launched with an aim to raise the groundwater level in those areas where it has significantly gone down.
    • The objective of the scheme is to increase the level of groundwater. Also, this scheme has been brought by the central government to provide benefits to the farmers.
    • The central government wants to ensure adequate water storage for farmers under this scheme.
    • It has formed to benefit seven states - Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh with an aim to bring community-level groundwater management.
    • This scheme is expected to benefit about 8350 Gram Panchayats in 78 districts of these states.

  • The central government has renamed Rohtang Pass as 'Atal Tunnel' which connects Leh and Manali regions. It was announced on the occasion of 95th birth anniversary of former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. It was decided on June 03, 2000, that a strategically important tunnel to be constructed under the Rohtang Pass. It was decided during the tenure of former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. The foundation stone of the road connecting the southern part of the tunnel was laid on 26 May 2002. Road construction on both ends of the tunnel was completed on 15 October 2017.

  • Union Minister for Electronics and IT Ravi Shankar Prasad said that free WiFi will be provided to all the villages across the country through BharatNet by March 2020. Currently, 48,000 villages have been connected via BharatNet project. Union Minister said that we have connected 1.3 lakh Gram Panchayats with BharatNet optical fiber. He also said that our goal is to connect 2.5 lakh Gram Panchayats with BharatNet optical fiber.

    BharatNet Project : • BharatNet Project was earlier known as OFC (Optical Fiber Communication Network) Project.
    • BharatNet project aims to connect more than 2.5 lakh Gram Panchayats with high-speed broadband through the optical fiber at affordable prices.
    • It will provide broadband speed from 2 to 20 Mbps.
    • It is proposed to provide broadband connectivity for government institutions at the district level.
    • A broadband connection will be routed through an optical fiber. If it is not possible through optical fiber then wireless and satellite networks will be used.
    • Internet connections will be provided free of cost in schools, health care centers and skill development centers.

  • The LPG bottling plant at Balangir, Odisha was recently dedicated to the nation by Odisha Governor Ganeshi Lal. The plant has been built in a record time of 19 months at a cost of Rs 103 crores. The foundation stone of the plant was laid on May 21, 2018, by the then Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas and Skill Development, Dharmendra Pradhan.

    It is a factory where liquid petroleum gas (LPG) is filled into the bottles or cylinders. After that these cylinders go to the various storages or distributors. It can be filled by bulk LPG through tank trucks or a pipeline. The plant receives empty cylinders or new empty cylinders to fill it with LPG.

    BPCL has set up the plant for Rs 103 crore. The production capacity of the factory is 42 lakh cylinders per year. This will benefit the people of 14 districts of western Odisha. The number of LPG customers in Odisha was 20 lakhs in 2014, now this number has increased to 88 lakhs. BPCL has 21 lakh 59 thousand customers in Odisha. It is expected that the consumption will be increased to the 105 lakh cylinders by the end of 2020.

  • Kerala has become the first state in India to pass a resolution demanding rollback of the controversial Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA). The Kerala assembly passed a resolution against the CAA on December 31, 2019.

  • NITI Aayog has recently released the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) Index for the year 2019-20. As per the SDG index, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and Telangana have topped the index. On the other hand, UP, Sikkim and Odisha were among maximum improved states.

    SDGs Index 2019-20 Highlights: • Kerala tops the list followed by Himachal, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, and Goa.
    • Odisha appeared on the second position with an improvement of seven points.
    • On the other hand, Chandigarh topped the Union Territories list.
    • Puducherry is on the second position while Dadra and Nagar Haveli ranked third in the index.
    • Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh are ranked at the bottom of the index.
    • NITI Aayog’s Index 2019-20 covers 16 Sustainable Development Goals and provide a qualitative assessment on the 17th goal.

Himachal Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
Tail Nadu



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