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Showing posts with label First in India. Show all posts
Showing posts with label First in India. Show all posts

Others ( First in India )


First Wax statue of a Living Indian
Mahatma Gandhi at Madame Tussaud's in 1939

First Chinese pilgrim to Visit India
Fa-hien

First Exclusive internet magazine
Bharat Samachar

First Miss India to participate in Miss Universe
Indrani Rehman

First President of Indian National Congress
W.C. Bannerjee, 1885

First Muslim President of the Indian National Congress
Badruddin Tayyabji

First Judge in International Court of Justice
Dr. Nagender Singh

First Graduate in Medicine

Soorjo Coomar Goodeve Chukerbutty

India's First University
Nalanda University

India's First Open University
Andhra Pradesh Open University

India's First Lok Sabha Member to be elected with a record maximum number of votes
P.V.Narasimha Rao

First Indian to reach Antarctica

Lt. Ram Charan

First British to Visit India
Hawkins

First Test tube baby of India
Indira (Baby Harsha)

First Post Office Opened in India
Kolkata(1727)
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Transport (First in India)



  • First Passenger Train: between Mumbai and Thane on 16 April 1853

  • First suburban railway line: Mumbai Suburban Railway in 1857

  • First rapid transit (Metro) rail: Kolkata Metro in 1984

  • First Motorcar: in 1897, Mr Forster of Crompton Greaves

  • First Motorcar in regular use, in 1901, Francis Spring, Chennai

  • First Indians to own a motor car: Jamshedji Tata 1901 and Rustom Cama, Parsi Lawyer 1901

  • First competitive event Delhi-Bombay trials 1905 at the behest of Lord Curzon and Motor Union of Western India to test the suitability of the Automobile for Indian roads and to facilitate interaction between the fledging Automobile Industry and prospective Indian clients 

  • Oldest surviving and running cars in India: De Dion Bouton 1904, Rover 1905

  • First woman to drive a car in India: Suzanne RD Tata 1905

  • First Motor Taxi Mumbai, 1911

  • First largescale import of motor cars: Relatively large contingent of motorcars imported for the Delhi Darbar held in 1911 to mark the arrival of King George V

  • First registration scheme for motor vehicles in India: 1912

  • Arrival of mass production technology makes the Automobile a practical means of transport by the 1920s and most British officers had cars

  • First Assembly of motor cars: General Motors sets up the first assembly unit to assemble cars from imported parts in 1928. The National Series AB sedan is produced.

  • First manufacture of motor cars: Hindustan Motors begins production of cars in 1942. Premier automobiles and Standard Motors setup. Technology stagnates as a result of economic autarky as India is isolated from the rest of the world

  • First act leading to liberalization of the Auto sector: Maruti 800 launched in 1983 and the automotive industry is progressively liberalized

  • First fully indegenous passenger car developed in India, Tata Indica launched in 1998

  • First expressway: Mumbai-Pune Expressway in 2000

  • First major acquisition of a foreign company by an Indian company: Tata Motors acquires Jaguar and Land Rover in 2007. Mahindra Automotive emerges as the top bidder for SSangsyong motors in 2010

  • First world-famous automotive product designed and developed in India: Tata Nano launched in 2008

  • First aeroplane in India: Maharaja of Patiala 1910 

  • Domestic commercial aviation is born in India in 1911 when on February 18, Henri Piquet, flying a Humber biplane, carries mall from Allahabad to Naini Junction, some six miles away.

  • 1927: India's first airline, Imperial Airways, extends its Empire Routes to India, connecting India with the outside world for the first time through an air network. A de Havilland Hercules flies the Cairo-Basra-Karachi-Jodhpur-Delhi route. It is also the first domestic passenger flight to be operated in India. Passengers could be for the first time fly from Karachi to Jodhpur and to Delhi on Imperial Airways.

  • On February 10, 1929, JRD Tata is awarded India's first pilot licence, Pilot Licence No.1 by Federation Aeronotique International signed by Sir Victor Sasoon on behalf of the Aero Club of India and Burma.

  • 1932: Urmila K Parikh becomes the first woman to get a pilot licence when she is given an a licence by the Aero Club of India and Burma.

  • 1932: JRD Tata launches India's first scheduled airline, Tata Airlines, by piloting the first flight himself from Karachi to Bombay via Ahmedabad on a single-engine Puss Moth with a load of airmail.


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Places (First in India)



  • City to have electricity: First city in India to have electricity: Bangalore, in 1906 (it was in fact the first city in Asia to have electricity.

  • District to achieve 100% literacy rate: Ernakulam district, Kerala , 1990.

  • City/town to achieve 100% literacy rate: Kottayam, Kerala, 1989.

  • District to achieve 100% literacy rate and lowest population growth rate: Pathanamthitta district, Kerala.

  • District to be polio-free: Pathanamthitta district, Kerala.

  • District to achieve tobacco free: Kottayam district, Kerala, 27 September 2008.

  • District to becomes India's 'total electrified district': Palakkad , Kerala, 2011.

  • City to have an e-court: Ahmedabad, 8 February 2009.


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First Women in India


The first lady to become Miss World
Rita Faria

The first woman judge in Supreme Court
Mrs. Meera Sahib Fatima Bibi

The first woman Ambassador
Miss C.B. Muthamma

The first woman Governor of a state in free India
Mrs Sarojini Naidu

The first woman Speaker of a State Assembly
Shanno Devi

The first woman Prime Minister
Mrs Indira Gandhi

The first woman Minister in a Government
Rajkumari Amrit Kaur

The first woman to climb Mount Everest

Bachhendri Pal

The first woman to climb Mount Everest twice
Santosh Yadav

The first woman President of Indian National Congress
Mrs Annie Besant

The first woman pilot in Indian Air Force
Harita Kaur Dayal

The first woman Graduates
Kadambini Ganguly and Chandramukhi Basu, 1883

The first woman Airline Pilot

Durga Banerjee

The first woman Honours Graduate
Kamini Roy, 1886

The first woman Olympic medal Winner
Karnam Malleswari, 2000

The first woman Asian Games Gold Medal Winner
Kamlijit Sandhu

The first woman Lawyer
Cornelia Sorabjee

The first woman President of United Nations General Assembly
Mrs Vijaya Laxmi Pandit

The first woman Chief Minister of an Indian State
Mrs Sucheta Kripalani

The first woman Chairman of Union Public Service Commission
Roze Millian Bethew

The first woman Director General of Police
Kanchan Chaudhary Bhattacharya

The first woman Judge
Anna Chandy (She became judge in a district court in 1937)

The first woman Cheif Justice of High Court
Mrs Leela Seth (Himachal Pradesh High Court)

The first woman Judge in Supreme Court of India
Kumari Justice M. Fathima Beevi

The first woman Lieutenant General
Puneeta Arora

The first woman Air Vice Marshal
P. Bandopadhyaya

The first woman chairperson of Indian Airlines
Sushma Chawla

The first woman IPS officer
Mrs. Kiran Bedi

The first and last Muslim woman ruler of India
Razia Sultan

The first woman to receive Ashoka Chakra
Nirja Bhanot

The first woman to receive Jnanpith Award
Ashapurna Devi

The first woman to cross English Channel
Aarti Saha

The first woman to receive Nobel Prize

Mother Teresa

The first woman to receive Bharat Ratna
Mrs Indira Gandhi

The first woman to receive Jnanpith Award
Ashpurna Devi

Last updated on: 29/10/2019

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First Men in India


The first President of Indian Republic
Dr. Rajendra Prasad

The first Prime Minister of free India
Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru

The first Indian to win Nobel Prize
Rabindranath Tagore

The first President of Indian National Congress
W.C. Banerjee

The first Muslim President of Indian National Congress
Badruddin Tayyabji

The first Muslim President of India
Dr. Zakir Hussain

The first British Governor General of India
Lord William Bentinck

The first British Viceroy of India
Lord Canning

The first Governor General of free India
Lord Mountbatten

The first and the last Indian to be Governor General of free India
C. Rajgopalachari

The first man who introduced printing press in India
James Hicky

The first Indian to join the I.C.S
Satyendra Nath Tagore

India’s first man in Space
Rakesh Sharma

The first Prime Minister of India who resigned without completing the full term
Morarji Desai

The first Indian Commander-in-Chief of India
General Cariappa

The first Chief of Army Staff
Gen. Maharaj Rajendra Singhji

The first Indian Member of the Viceroy’s executive council
S.P.Sinha

The first President of India who died while in office
Dr. Zakhir Hussain

The first Muslim President of Indian Republic
Dr. Zakhir Hussain

The first Prime Minister of India who did not face the Parliament
Charan Singh

The first Field Marshal of India
S.H.F. Manekshaw

The first Indian to get Nobel Prize in Physics
C.V.Raman

The first Indian to receive Bharat Ratna award
Dr. Radhakrishnan

The first Indian to cross English Channel
Mihir Sen

The first Person to receive Jnanpith award
Sri Shankar Kurup

The first Speaker of the Lok Sabha
Ganesh Vasudeva Mavalankar

The first Vice-President of India
Dr. Radhakrishnan

The first Education Minister
Abdul Kalam Azad

The first Home minister of India
Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel

The first Indian Air Chief Marshal
S. Mukherjee

The first Indian Naval Chief
Vice Admiral R.D. Katari

The first Judge of International Court of Justice
Dr. Nagendra Singh

The first person to reach Mt. Everest without oxygen
Sherpa Anga Dorjee

The first person to get Param Vir Chakra
Major Somnath Sharma

The first Chief Election Commissioner
Sukumar Sen

The first person to receive Magsaysay Award
Acharya Vinoba Bhave

The first person of Indian origin to receive Nobel Prize in Medicine
Hargovind Khurana

The first Chinese traveller to visit India
Fahein

The first person to receive Stalin Prize
Saifuddin Kitchlu

The first person to resign from the Central Cabinet
Shyama Prasad Mukherjee

The first person to receive Nobel Prize in Economics
Amartya Sen

The first Chief Justice of Supreme Court
Justice Hirala J. Kania

The first Indian Pilot
J.R.D. Tata (1929)

Last updated on: 29/10/2019

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Sports (First in India)



  • World's youngest woman archer:Deepika Prajapati

  • Person to swim across the English Channel: Mihir Sen, 1958

  • Woman to swim across the English Channel: Arati Saha, 1959

  • Formula One race driver: Narain Karthikeyan

  • Formula One team: Force India F1

  • A1 GP race victory: Narain Karthikeyan, Zhuhai, China, 2007

  • Person to equal world record in Archery: Limba Ram, 1992

  • Gatka recognised as sport in any State [Punjab] in 2009: efforts by Punjab Gatka Association (Regd.) affiliated with Punjab Olympic Association.

  • Person to walk across the Mongolian Gobi Desert of 1626 kilometers in 51 days 11 hours 40 minutes: Sucheta Kadethankar in Mongolia in 2011.

Olympics


  • Olympic team medal: Gold for Hockey at the 1928 Summer Olympics Amsterdam, beating the Netherlands.

  • Olympic Individual medal (in British India): Silver by Norman Pritchard for 200 metres races at the 1900 Summer Olympics, Paris. (This is disputed however. The IOC claims he participated for India. The IAAF records him as participant for Great Britain.)

  • Olympic Individual medal: Bronze by K. D. Jadhav for wrestling at the 1952 Summer Olympics Helsinki.

  • Olympic Bronze medallist in Tennis: Leander Paes in Atlanta Olympics in 1996.

  • Olympic Individual medal by a woman: Bronze by Karnam Malleswari for weightlifting 54 kg class, at the 2000 Summer Olympics Sydney.

  • Olympic Silver medal: Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore for Men's Double Trap at the 2004 Summer Olympics Athens.

  • Olympic Individual gold medal: Abhinav Bindra for 10 m Air Rifle at the 2008 Summer Olympics Beijing.

  • Olympic Bronze medallist in Boxing:Vijender Kumar in Beijing Olympics 2008.

  • Olympic Bronze medallist in Wrestling: Sushil Kumar in Beijing Olympics 2008.

    Chess

    • Chess Grandmaster : Male - Vishwanathan Anand, 1988.

    • Female - Koneru Humpy - 2002 - She was also the youngest woman to become a grandmaster at 15 years old.(Hou Yifan of China is the youngest woman to become a grandmaster at 14years and 6 months.)

      Tennis

      • Grand Slam title: Mahesh Bhupathi (partnering with Japanese Rika Hiraki) in the Mixed Doubles category of the 1997 French Open.

      • Woman to win a match in a Grand Slam event: Nirupama Vaidyanathan beat Italian Gloria Pizzichini in the first round of the 1998 Australian Open

      • Woman to reach 4th round (highest as of 2009) of a Grand Slam singles event: Sania Mirza in the Singles category of the 2005 US Open.

      • Woman to win a Grand Slam title: Sania Mirza (partnering with Mahesh Bhupathi) in the Mixed Doubles category of the 2009 Australian Open.

      • Grand Slam junior title: Leander Paes in the Singles category of the 1990 Wimbledon Championship.

      • Grand Slam junior title by a woman: Sania Mirza (partnering with Russian Alisa Kleybanova) in the Doubles category of the 2003 Wimbledon Championships.

      Cricket

      • Cricket tournament: The Bombay Triangular (1905–1911) which later became the Bombay Quadrangular (1912–1936)

      • Cricket test match: Against England at Lord's, June 25, 1932

      • First One day Cricket captain: S.Venkataraghavan

      • First Test Cricket captain: C. K. Nayudu for the 1932 tour of England

      • First Indian to score an ODI century was Kapil Dev, 175* against Zimbabwe in the 1983 Cricket World Cup

      • First Indian to score an ODI double century is Sachin Tendulkar, 200* against South Africa at Gwalior, February 24, 2010

      • Cricketer to score a century: Lala Amarnath, 118 against England in December 1933 at Bombay Gymkhana grounds

      • Cricketer to score a double century: Polly Umrigar, 223 against New Zealand at Hyderabad in 1955-56

      • Cricketer to score a triple century: Virender Sehwag, 309 against Pakistan in Multan in 2004.

      • ODI cricket hat-trick: Chetan Sharma in Reliance World Cup against New Zealand in 1987.

      • Test cricket hat-trick: Harbhajan Singh against Australia in March 2001

      • Cricket World Cup championship win: At the 1983 Cricket World Cup, India beating West Indies,At the [2011 Cricket World Cup]], India beating Sri Lanka.

      • Batsman to complete 10,000 runs in Test cricket: Sunil Gavaskar (he was first in the world to achieve this feat)

      • Batsman to complete 10,000 runs in ODI cricket: Sachin Tendulkar (he was first in the world to achieve this feat)

      • Cricket Twenty20 world cup winner: India in 2007.


      • First bowler to take all 10 wickets in an innings: Anil Kumble against Pakistan

      • First batsman to score 50 centuries in Test Cricket : Sachin Tendulkar

      • First woman to score a double hundred in test cricket : Mithali Raj [214* against Newzealand at Wellington 2004] (she was first in the world to achieve this feat)

      • First time six sixes in an over of a T-20 match were scored by an Indian batsman Yuvraj Singh against England.


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          Science ( First in India )



          • Hydroelectric plant: On the Gaganachukki waterfall of the Sivasamudram Falls, Karnataka. Built in 1902.

          • Place to get electricity: Kolar Gold Fields, in 1902 (it was the second city in Asia to get electricity after Tokyo, Japan.)

          • Man in space: Rakesh Sharma aboard Salyut 7, on April 3, 1984. He was the 138th man in space worldwide.

          • Woman in space: Kalpana Chawla aboard Space Shuttle Columbia flight STS-87, on November 19, 1997. She was a naturalized United States citizen, and represented the US during the event.

          • Test-tube baby: Durga Agarwal, born 1978

          • Scientific Expedition to Antarctica: 1981

          • Nuclear Reactor: CIRUS, Mumbai, Maharashtra

          • First Genetically Modified Food Product in India : Bt. Egg plant Hybrid (Bt. -- Bacilius thuringiensis)

          • Satellite : Aryabhata, launched on April 19, 1975

          • Satellite dedicated exclusively for educational services : EDUSET

          • Successfully indigenous launch vehicle : SLV-3

          • Prospective space tourist: Santhosh George Kulangara, proposed in 2009 aboard Virgin Galactic

          • Cloned Animal : Buffalo, Samrupa

          • In 1850, the first experimental electric telegraph line was started between Kolkata and Diamond Harbor. In 1851, it was opened for the use of the British East India Company

          • 1854: Telegraph service opened to the Public

          • First telephone exchange: On the 28th January 1882, Major E. Baring, Member of the Governor General of India's Council declared open the Telephone Exchanges in Calcutta, Bombay and Madras. The exchange in Calcutta named the "Central Exchange", was opened at third floor of the building at 7, Council House Street, with a total of 93 subscribers. Later that year, Bombay also witnessed the opening of a telephone exchange.

          • 1902 - First wireless telegraph station established between Sagar Islands and Sandheads.

          • 1907 - First Central Battery of telephones introduced in Kanpur.

          • 1913-1914 - First Automatic Exchange installed in Shimla.

          • 1927 - Radio-telegraph system between the UK and India, with Imperial Wireless Chain beam stations at Khadki and Daund. Inaugurated by Lord Irwin on 23 July by exchanging greetings with King George V.

          • 1933 - Radiotelephone system inaugurated between the UK and India.

          • 1953 - 12 channel carrier system introduced.

          • 1960 - First subscriber trunk dialing route commissioned between Lucknow and Kanpur.

          • 1975 - First PCM system commissioned between Mumbai City and Andheri telephone exchanges.

          • 1976 - First digital microwave junction introduced.

          • 1979 - First optical fibre system for local junction commissioned at Pune.

          • 1980 - First satellite earth station for domestic communications established at Secunderabad, A.P.

          • 1983 - First analog Stored Program Control exchange for trunk lines commissioned at Mumbai.

          • 1984 - C-DOT established for indigenous development and production of digital exchanges.

          • 1995 - First mobile telephone service started on non-commercial basis on 15 August 1995 in Delhi.


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          Governance ( First in India)


          • President: Rajendra Prasad (1950–1962)

          • First Women President: Pratibha Patil(2007-till date)

          • First Vice-President: Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

          • Prime Minister: Jawaharlal Nehru (1947–1964). The first term lasted till 1952 after which he was re-elected

          • Deputy Prime Minister: Vallabhbhai Patel (1947–1950)

          • Prime Minister to be voted out of office: Indira Gandhi (1977) when the Indian National Congress lost to the Janata Party

          • Non-Congress government: by Janata Party with Morarji Desai as the Prime Minister (1977–1980)

          • Non-Congress State government with Majority by a single party: E. M. S. Namboodiripad of CPI, Kerala 1957

          • Prime Minister to lead a minority government for a full term (five years): P. V. Narasimha Rao, June 21, 1991 – May 16, 1996

          • Person outside the Nehru-Gandhi family to serve as Prime Minister for a full term (five years): P. V. Narasimha Rao, June 21, 1991 – May 16, 1996

          • Prime Minister from South India: P. V. Narasimha Rao, 1991

          • Governor-General: Warren Hastings

          • The first Viceroy of India was Lord Canning,1858.

          • Governor General of Independent India: Lord Mountbatten, 1947

          • Indian Governor-General of Indian Union: C Rajagopalachari, 1948

          • Chief Justice of India: H. J. Kania (1947–1951)

          • First Sikh Prime Minister : Manmohan Singh(2004–Till date)

          • First Muslim President : Zakir Hussain (1967–1969)

          • First Sikh President : Giani Zail Singh

          • Indian ICS Officer: Satyendranath Tagore, 1863

          • Speaker of Lok Sabha: G.V. Mavlankar (1952–1956)

          • Finance Minister of Independent India: R.K. Shanmukhan Chetty (1947–1949).

          • Presentation of First Budget after India's Independence : R. K. Shanmukhan Chetty on Nov 26, 1947

          • First Home Minister of India: Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel 

          • First Indian Chief Minister to die in Office: C.N.Annadurai, Tamil Nadu

          • First Indian President to die in Office: Dr Zakir Hussain, 3 May 1969

          • First Indian Prime Minister to resign from office: Morarji Desai, 1979

          • First Woman Cabinet Minister in India: Rajkumari Amrit Kaur

          • First Woman Minister in India: Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit

          • First Woman Chief Minister: Sucheta Kriplani

          • First Female Home Minister: Sabitha Indra Reddy

          • Youngest ever Chief Minister: Prafulla Kumar Mahanta, Assam, at the age of 32

          • First Woman Speaker of the Lok Sabha: Meira Kumar

          • First Woman Finance Minister of State Government in India: Dr Upinderjit Kaur, in Punjab Govt.



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          Film, TV and entertainment ( First in India )



          • First Film to be exhibited in India on July 7, 1896, with the Lumiere Brothers' Cinematography, unveiling six silent short films at the Watson's Hotel in Bombay, viz., Entry of Cinematographe, The Sea Bath, Arrival of a Train, A Demolition, Ladies & Soldiers on Wheels and Leaving the Factory.

            • First silent film to be made in India Raja Harishchandra 1913, by Dadasaheb Phalke

              • Sound film: Alam Ara (1931) directed by Ardeshir Irani, 1931.

                • First Talkie actress:Zubeida

                  • Colour film: Kisan Kanya (1937), directed by Ardeshir Irani.

                    • Cinemascope film: Kaagaz Ke Phool (1959) 

                      • Oscar for Lifetime Achievement: Satyajit Ray (1992)

                        • Film to win highest number of international awards: Pather Panchali (1955) eleven awards, including Cannes

                          • Films to be considered as All-Time 100 best movies: Apu Trilogy (Pather Panchali, Aparajito (1956) and Apur Sansar(1959)) by Satyajit Ray

                            • Oscar winner: Bhanu Athaiya for Best Costume Design for Gandhi (film) in 1982

                              • Oscar nomination for Best Foreign Language Film: Mother India in 1957

                                • Music director to win an Oscar and first double Oscar winner - Mr. A. R. Rahman for Slumdog Millionaire, 22 February 2009.

                                  • Sound engineer to win an Oscar: Resul Pookutty for Slumdog Millionaire, 22 February 2009

                                    • Palme d'Or at 1946 Cannes Film Festival: Neecha Nagar directed by Chetan Anand

                                      • National Film Award for cinema: Shyamchi Aai in 1954

                                        • Colorized film: Mughal-e-Azam in 2004 (the original black-and-white version was released in 1960)

                                          • Sponsored TV serial: Hum Log, started on July 7, 1984, was also the first soap opera of India, ran for 156 episodes

                                            • Guinness Book of World Records in the category Fewest actors in a narrative film: Yaadein (1964) directed and acted by Sunil Dutt 

                                              • Actor to enact 10 roles: Kamal Haasan

                                                • 3-D film: My Dear Kuttichathan, a Malayalam film, produced in 1984, dubbed in Hindi as Chhota Chetan.

                                                  • 70 mm film: Around the World in Eight Dollars, a Hindi film, starring Raj Kapoor and Rajshree in 1967

                                                    • Ordre des Arts et des Lettres (officer of the order of arts and letters): Director: Mrinal Sen (1985); Actor:Sivaji Ganesan (1995); Actress: Sharmila Tagore(2004)

                                                      • Hindi film screened at the United Nations: Lage Raho Munna Bhai on 10 November 2006

                                                        • First music record was recorded by Gauhar Jaan singing a khayal in Raag Jogiya, recorded on November 2, 1902, by Fred Gaisberg, assistant to Emile Berliner, the father of Gramophone record.



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                                                          Exploration - First in India



                                                          • Person to fly in a balloon and land in a parachute, and also to take ballooning as a profession: Ram Chandra Chatterjee.

                                                          • Person to reach the North Pole: Squadron Leader Sanjay Thapar.

                                                          • Woman to reach South Pole: Reena Kaushal Dharmshaktu.

                                                          • Person to reach the South Pole: Col Jatinder Kumar Bajaj.

                                                          • Woman to scale Mount Everest: Bachendri Pal on May 23, 1984. She was the 5th woman in the world to scale the peak.


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                                                          Defence (in the Republic of India) - First in India



                                                          • First Commander-in-Chief of Free India: General Sir Roy Bucher

                                                          • First Indian Commander-in-Chief of Free India: General Kodandera Madappa Cariappa, 1949

                                                          • First Chief of Air Staff: Air Marshal Sir Thomas Elmhirst

                                                          • First Indian Chief of Staff: General Kodandera Madappa Cariappa, 1947

                                                          • First Commander-in-Chief, IAF: Air Marshal Subroto Mukerjee, 1954

                                                          • First Chief of Naval Staff: Vice Admiral R D Katari

                                                          • First Cosmonaut: Sqn Ldr Rakesh Sharma, 1984

                                                          • Field Marshal: Sam Manekshaw, 1973.

                                                          • First Parsi Army Chief: Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw

                                                          • First Christian Army Chief: General Sunith Francis Rodrigues

                                                          • First Sikh Army Chief: General Joginder Jaswant Singh

                                                          • First Parsi Air Force Chief: Air Marshal Aspy Engineer

                                                          • First Sikh Air Force Chief: Air Marshal Arjan Singh

                                                          • First Muslim Air Force Chief: Air Marshal Idris Hasan Latif

                                                          • First Parsi Navy Chief: Admiral J L Cursetji

                                                          • First Christian Navy Chief: Admiral R L Pereira


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                                                          Awards and Titles ( First in India)


                                                          • Miss World: Reita Faria in 1966.
                                                          • Miss Universe: Sushmita Sen in 1994
                                                          • Miss Earth: Nicole Faria in 2010.
                                                          • Dhan Gopal Mukerji, first Indian to win any literary award (the Newbery Medal) in the United States, in 1927 for Gay Neck, the Story of a Pigeon.
                                                          • Nirad C. Chaudhuri, first Indian to win a major non-fiction award, the Duff Cooper Prize in the United Kingdom, in 1966 for The Continent of Circe.
                                                          • Arundhati Roy won the Booker prize for her novel "The God of Small Things" in the year 1997 making her the first Indian woman to receive the prestigious award.
                                                          • Bhaswati Bhattacharya was the first Indian to speak as Orator at the Harvard University Commencement Exercises in 1993.
                                                          • Bharat Ratna: Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, C. Rajagopalachari, and Dr C.V. Raman in 1954.
                                                          • Commander of the Order of Arts and Letters: Mrinal Sen.
                                                          • Chevalier of the Order of Arts and Letters: Sivaji Ganesan.
                                                          • Dadasaheb Phalke Award: Devika Rani in 1969.
                                                          • Ashoka Chakra Award to a civilian : D.K. Jatar (posthumous) and M.C Dixit, captain and co-captain respectively, of the sabotaged plane Kashmir Princess, for "most conspicuous bravery, daring and self-sacrifice".
                                                          • Magsaysay Award: Vinoba Bhave, 1958.
                                                          • Oscar for Lifetime Achievement - Satyajit Ray.
                                                          • Nishan-e-Pakistan: Morarji Desai,May 19, 1990.
                                                          • Ford Supermodel of the World (contest): Bipasha Basu, 1996.

                                                          Nobel Prize ( First in India)
                                                          • Nobel Prize in Literature: Rabindranath Tagore for the Nobel Prize in Literature, 1913. He was also the first Asian to get the prize.
                                                          • Nobel Prize in Physics: C. V. Raman in 1930.
                                                          • Nobel Prize in Medicine: Har Gobind Khorana in 1968. (US citizen of Indian origin ).
                                                          • Nobel Peace Prize: Mother Teresa in 1979 (Indian citizen of Albanian origin).
                                                          • Nobel Prize in Physics: Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar in 1983. (US citizen of Indian origin).
                                                          • Nobel Prize in Economics: Amartya Sen in 1998.
                                                          • Nobel Prize in Chemistry: Venkatraman Ramakrishnan in 2009 (US citizen of Indian origin).

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                                                          Architecture ( First in India)



                                                          First Islamic Mausoleum (tomb) in India: Sultan Ghari, built in 1231 CE for Prince Nasir ud din Mahmud, eldest son of Iltumish.


                                                          First true dome, Alai Darwaza, Qutb complex, Delhi, built in 1311 CE, by first Khilji Sultan of Delhi, Ala-ud-din Khilji.


                                                          First true arch, Balban's tomb, Mehrauli Archeological Park, Delhi, built c. 1287 CE, by Ghiyas ud din Balban of Mamluk dynasty.


                                                          First garden-tomb on the Indian subcontinent, also the first with Persian double-dome: Humayun's Tomb, Delhi, built 1562-1571 CE.


                                                          First Mosque in India: Cheraman Juma Masjid Kodungallur (Kerala), built 629-630 A.D by Malik ibn Deenar, an Arab trader on the order of Chera ruler Cheraman Perumal (Tajjudin after conversion to Islam)



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