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Showing posts with label Important Days. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Important Days. Show all posts

National Days


Many countries worldwide commemorate the date when they gained independence after being part of another state or colony. 

The annual holiday is called independence day and each country celebrates the specific date it achieved its freedom.

Definition: Independence or National Days are perhaps the most important day for a country to commemorate as a national holiday.

For many nations the date is the country's day of independence, often in hard fought battles to claim their freedom.

Some national holidays commemorate a significant day in the history of the country, or the birth of a national hero who helped establish the day the country's independence was declared.

The following list signifies the month each country listed below celebrates Independence Day, National Day or other significant day.

Country Date Independence Event
 Abkhazia July 4 De facto independence from Georgia in 1993. Officially declared as such in 1999.(Only partially recognized.) End of the 1992-1993 War in Abkhazia; also known as "liberation day".
 Afghanistan August 19 Independence from United Kingdom control over Afghan foreign affairs in 1919. Afghan Independence Day
 Albania November 28 Declared by Ismail Qemali in 1912 and signalled the end of five centuries of Ottoman rule. Dita e Pavarësisë
 Algeria July 5 Independence from France in 1962.
 Angola November 11 Independence from Portugal in 1975.
 Antigua and Barbuda November 1 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1981.
 Argentina July 9 Independence declared from the Spanish Empire in 1816.
 Armenia May 28
September 21
Declaration of independence from Ottoman Empire in 1918.
Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.

National Day
 Austria October 26 Restoration of sovereignty in 1955 National Day
 Azerbaijan May 28
October 18
Independence from the Russian Empire in 1918.
Independence re-declared from the Soviet Union in 1991

 Bahamas July 10 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1973.
 Bahrain December 16 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1971 National Day
 Bangladesh March 26 Independence was declared from Pakistan and this led to a nine-month war ending on December 16, 1971. National Day
 Barbados November 30 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966.
 Belarus July 3 The liberation of Minsk after several years of German occupation in 1944.
 Belgium July 21 Independence from the Netherlands (Belgian revolution) on October 4, 1830. Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld takes the oath as first king of the Belgians on July 21, 1831. National Day
 Belize September 21 Independence from the United Kingdom on September 21, 1981. September Celebrations
 Benin August 1 Independence from France in 1960.
 Bolivia August 6 Independence from Spain in 1825.
 Bosnia and Herzegovina March 1 Independence from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1992.
 Botswana September 30 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966.
 Brazil September 7 Independence from Portugal in 1822. Recognized on August 29, 1825. Independence Day (Brazil)
 Brunei January 1and September 22 Independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1908
 Burkina Faso August 5 Independence from France in 1960
 Burundi July 1 Independence from Belgium in 1962
 Cambodia November 9 Independence from France in 1953
 Cameroon January 1 Independence from France and Britain.
 Cape Verde July 5 Independence from Portugal in 1975.
 Central African Republic August 13 Independence from France in 1960.
 Chad August 11 Independence from France in 1960.
 Chile February 12 and September 18 Declared Independence from Spain on that date in 1818. Actually, Chileans celebrate the date of the first Government Junta, September 18. This date was not recognized as such until April 25, 1844.
 Colombia July 20 and August 7 Independence from Spain in 1810.
 Democratic Republic of the Congo June 30 Independence from Belgium in 1960.
 Costa Rica September 15 Independence from Spain in 1821.
 Côte d'Ivoire August 7 Independence from France in 1960.
 Croatia October 8 Independence from SFR Yugoslavia in 1991. Independence was declared, after the May 19 referendum, by the Parliament on June 25 - the date is celebrated as Statehood Day; but a three-month moratorium was imposed as a result of the Brijuni Agreement, and on October 8 the ties with SFR Yugoslavia were formally severed.
 Cuba May 20 Independence from the United States in 1902.
 Cyprus October 1 Independence from the United Kingdom on August 16, 1960, but Cyprus Independence Day is commonly celebrated on October 1.
 Czech Republic October 28 and January 1 As Czechoslovakia, marking independence from Austria-Hungary on October 28, 1918. As the Czech Republic after the split of Czechoslovakia in 1993.
 Djibouti June 27 Independence from France in 1977
 Dominica November 3 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1978
 Dominican Republic February 27 Independence from Haiti in 1844, after a 22-year occupation.
 East Timor May 20 Independence from Portugal in 2002 (recognition, East Timor was invaded by Indonesia from 1975 to 1999, officially it never ceased to be considered as administrated by Portugal).
 Ecuador August 10 and May 24 Proclaimed independence from Spain on August 10, 1809, but failed with the execution of all the conspirators of the movement on August 2, 1810. Independence finally occurred on May 24, 1822 at the Battle of Pichincha.
 El Salvador September 15 Independence from Spain in 1821
 Eritrea May 24 Independence from Ethiopia in 1993.
 Estonia February 24
August 20
Independence from the Russian Empire in 1918.
Independence re-declared from the Soviet Union in 1991

 Fiji October 10 Independence from United Kingdom in 1970.
 Finland December 6 Independence from Russia in 1917. Recognized on January 4, 1918. Independence Day (Finland)
 Gabon August 17 Independence from France in 1960.
 The Gambia February 18 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1965.
 Georgia May 26 April 9 Day of First Republic in 1918. Independence from USSR in 1991.
 Ghana March 6 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1957.
 Greece March 25 Declaration of independence from Ottoman Empire in 1821. Start of the Greek War of Independence
 Grenada February 7 Independence from United Kingdom in 1974.
 Guatemala September 15 Independence from Spain in 1821.
 Guinea October 2 Independence from France in 1958.
 Guinea-Bissau September 24 Declaration of independence from Portugal in 1973.
 Guyana May 26 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966.
 Haiti January 1 Declaration of independence from France in 1804.
 Honduras September 15 Independence from Spain in 1821.
 Iceland December 1 Independence from Kingdom of Denmark in 1918.
 India August 15 (Fifteenth of August) Independence from the United Kingdom in 1947.
 Indonesia August 17 Declaration of Independence day (Hari Proklamasi Kemerdekaan R.I.) from the Netherlands in 1945. The Netherlands acknowledged Indonesian independence and sovereignty in 1949.
 Iraq October 3 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1932.
 Ireland April 24 Proclamation of the Irish Republic commencing the Easter Rising on April 24, 1916. Independence from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
 Israel Iyar 5
(On or between April 15 and May 15, depending on the Hebrew calendar).
(Yom Ha'atzmaut) Independence from the British Mandate of Palestine which took place on May 14, 1948 (5 Iyar 5708 in the Hebrew calendar). It is actually celebrated on Tuesday, Wednesday or Thursday nearest to 5 Iyar, so it actually occurs between the 3rd and 6th of Iyar, which may fall between April 15 and May 15 in the Gregorian calendar.
 Jamaica August 6 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1962.
 Jordan May 25 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1946.
 Kazakhstan December 16 Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
 Kenya December 12 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1963.
 Korea, North September 9 Founding of the DPRK in 1948.
 Korea, South August 15 (Gwangbokjeol) Independence from Japan in 1945. (Independence from Japan was declared on March 1, 1919. August 15, 1945 is the official Liberation Day of Korea.)
 Kosovo February 17 Independence from Serbia in 2008. (Not universally recognized).
 Kuwait June 19 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1961.
 Kyrgyzstan August 31 Independence from USSR in 1991.
 Laos July 19 Independence from France on July 19, 1949.
 Latvia November 18 and May 4 Independence from Russia on November 18, 1918.
Independence from Soviet Union on May 4, 1990

 Lebanon November 22 Independence from France in 1943.
 Lesotho October 4 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966.
 Liberia July 26 Independence from the United States in 1847.
 Libya December 24 Independence from Italy on December 24, 1951. However, celebration of this day was abolished after the revolution of September 1, 1969.
 Lithuania February 16 and March 11 Act of Independence of Lithuania: Independence from the Russian and German Empires in February 1918;
Act of the Re-Establishment of the State of Lithuania: independence from the Soviet Union in March 1990.

 Macedonia September 8 (Den na nezavisnosta or Ден на независноста) Independence from Yugoslavia in 1991.
 Madagascar June 26 Independence from France in 1960.
 Malawi July 6 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1964.
 Malaysia August 31 (Hari Merdeka) Independence from the United Kingdom in 1957 (as the Federation of Malaya).
 Maldives July 26 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1965.
 Mali September 22 Independence from France in 1960.
 Malta September 21 (Independence Day (Malta)) Independence from the United Kingdom in 1964.
 Mauritius March 12 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1968.
 Mexico September 16 (Grito de Dolores) Independence from Spain declared in 1810. Recognized on September 27, 1821.
 Moldova August 27 (Independence Day) Declaration of Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. National Day
 Mongolia December 29 Independence from the Qing Dynasty in 1911. However, the newly established Mongolian government was weak to resist the occupation of the ROC in 1919 and later White Russia in early 1921. After ousting Ungern's forces, the new communist government was officially established on June 11, 1921.
 Montenegro May 21 Independence from State union with Serbia, in 2006
 Morocco November 18 Independence from France and Spain in 1956
 Mozambique June 25 Independence from Portugal in 1975
 Myanmar January 4 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1948
 Nagorno-Karabakh September 2 Independence from Azerbaijan in 1991. De facto independent. National Day
 Namibia March 21 Independence from South African mandate in 1990
 Nauru January 31 Independence from Australia in 1968
 Netherlands May 5 (Bevrijdingsdag) Liberation from Nazi Germany in 1945 National Day
 Nicaragua September 15 Independence from Spain in 1821
 Niger August 3 Independence from France in 1960
 Nigeria October 1 Independence from United Kingdom in 1960
 Pakistan August 14 (Yaum e Azadi) Independence from the United Kingdom on 27 Ramadan ul Mubarik, August 14, 1947.
 Panama November 28 Independence from Spain, celebrated on November 28, 1821, but after that Panama was member of the "Gran Colombia" until 1903. The 1903 separation from Colombia is also celebrated as a official holiday day on November 3.
 Papua New Guinea September 16 Independence from Australia of the former Territories of New Guinea, and Papua, in 1975.
 Paraguay May 14 (Día de Independencia) Independence from Spain in 1811.
 Peru July 28 Independence from Spain in 1821.
 Philippines June 12 (Araw ng Kalayaan) The proclamation date of the 1898 Declaration of Independence by Emilio Aguinaldo during the Philippine Revolution is celebrated as Independence Day. The Republic of the Philippines was recognized as an independent nation on July 4, 1946.
 Poland November 11 (Święto Niepodległości) Restoration of Poland's independence in 1918 after 123 years of partitions by Russia, Prussia, and Austria.
 Portugal December 1 Restoration of Portugal's independence (from Iberian Union with Spain) in 1640. The country's original independence (from the Kingdom of León) was recognized on October 5, 1143. That day is a holiday in Portugal, but for a different reason. (Implantation of the Republic, or Republic Day. Event of 1910.) Note that none of these events are similar to today's declarations or recognition of independence as these are in fact the recognition of the rule of a king to the land. Portugal existed as a separate entity before 1143 and during the union with Spain between 1580 and 1640.
 Qatar December 18 The assumption of power of Sheikh Jassem bin Mohamed al-Thani, ancestor of the current ruling family, in 1878.
 Romania May 9 Independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1877 (see the Romanian War of Independence).
 Rwanda July 1 Independence from Belgium in 1962.
 Saint Kitts and Nevis September 19 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1983.
 Samoa June 1 Independence from New Zealand in 1962.
 São Tomé and Príncipe July 12 Independence from Portugal in 1975.
 Senegal April 4 Independence from France in 1960.
 Seychelles June 29 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1976.
 Sierra Leone April 27 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1961.
 Singapore August 9 (National Day (Singapore)) Marks separation from Malaysia in 1965.
 Slovakia July 17 Declaration of Independence in 1992 (only a remembrance day), de jure independence came on January 1, 1993 after the division of Czechoslovakia (public holiday).
 Slovenia December 26 and June 25 (Independence and Unity Day) Date of the release of the official results of the independence plebiscite in 1990, confirming secession from Yugoslavia. (Statehood Day) Declared independence from Yugoslavia in 1991.
 Solomon Islands July 7 Independence from United Kingdom in 1978.
 Somaliland May 18 Declared independence from Somalia on May 18, 1991 as the Republic of Somaliland, but remains unrecognized internationally. Independence Day
 South Africa December 11 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1931. Not a public holiday. Union of South Africa formed on May 31, 1910 and Republic of South Africa declared on May 31, 1961
 South Sudan July 9 Independence from Sudan in 2011.
 Sri Lanka February 4 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1948.
 Sudan January 1 Independence from Egypt and the United Kingdom in 1956.
 Suriname November 25 Independence from the Netherlands in 1975.
 Swaziland September 6 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1968.
 Sweden June 6 (National Day of Sweden) celebrates the election of King Gustav Vasa in 1523 and some governmental change in 1809.
 Switzerland August 1 (Swiss National Day) Alliance against the Holy Roman Empire in 1291.
 Syria April 17 (Evacuation Day) End of the French Mandate of Syria in 1946
 Tajikistan September 9 Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
 Tanzania December 9 Independence of Tanganyika from United Kingdom in 1961.
 Togo April 27 Independence from France in 1960.
 Tonga June 4 Termination of protectorate status under the United Kingdom in 1970.
 Trinidad and Tobago August 31 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1962.
 Tunisia March 20 Declaration of independence from France in 1956.
 Turkey October 29 Turkey becomes a republic following the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire Turkish War of Independence in 1923.
 Turkmenistan October 27 Declaration of independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
 Ukraine August 24 and January 22 Independence from the Soviet Union on August 24, 1991. Unification of Ukraine on January 22, 1919.
 United Arab Emirates December 2 (National Day) Independence from the United Kingdom in 1971.
 United States July 4 (Fourth of July) Declaration of Independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1776.
 Uruguay August 25 (Día de la Independencia) Declaration of independence from Brazil in 1825.
 Uzbekistan September 1 Independence from USSR in 1991.
 Vanuatu July 30 Independence from United Kingdom and France in 1980.
 Vatican City February 11 Lateran Treaty signed with Italy in 1929.
 Venezuela July 5 Declaration of independence from Spain in 1811.
 Vietnam September 2 Proclamation of independence from Japan and France in 1945.
 Yemen November 30 South Yemen Declaration of independence from United Kingdom in 1967.
 Zambia October 24 Independence from United Kingdom in 1964.
 Zimbabwe April 18 Independence from United Kingdom in 1980.

Last updated on: 21/10/2019

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