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Showing posts with label India GK. Show all posts
Showing posts with label India GK. Show all posts

India - General Knowledge

India (Demographics, Tradition, Population, etc)
Interesting Facts Traditional Seasons Demographics
Religious Groups Population Census - 2011
Arts and Culture (Dances, Festivals, Painters and Crafts)
Indian Crafts Painters Classical dances
Folk & tribal dances Indian Festivals
India - National Symbols
National Flag National Emblem National Anthem
National Game National Song National Calender
National Animal National Bird National River
National Tree National Flower National Fruit
National Aquatic Animal India Currency Symbol National Days
Indian States
Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam
Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa
Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh
Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala
Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur
Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland
Orissa Punjab Rajasthan
Sikkim Tamil Nadu Telangana
Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh
West Bengal
Indian - Union Territories
Andaman & Nicobar Islands Chandigarh NCT of Delhi
Dadra and Nagar Haveli Daman and Diu Jammu and Kashmir
Ladakh Lakshadweep Puducherry
India - Superlatives (Geographical Landmarks)
Tallest Mountain Peaks Length of Rivers Most populous cities
Hill Stations River side cities Largest cities (population)
Superlatives - India
Indian Government - Personalities
Governors - General of Bengal Governors - General of India Governors - General and Viceroys of India
Presidents Vice - Presidents Prime Ministers
Deputy Prime Ministers Finance Ministers Speakers of the Lok Sabha
Chief Justices Chief Election Commissioners Governors of the RBI
Chairmen of the UPSC Comptroller and Auditor Generals Attorney-Generals
Commanders-in-Chief Chiefs of Army Staff Chiefs of Naval Staff
Chiefs of Air Staff
First in India
Architecture Awards and Titles Defence
Exploration Entertainment Governance
Science Sports First Men
First Women Places Transport
miscellaneous
Indian Judiciary
Judiciary of India Supreme Court High Courts
District Courts
Indian Defence
Indian Defence & Ministry of Defence Indian Army Indian Navy
Indian Air Force Internal Security Other Organisations
Military Training Institutes in India Submarines,Warships and Missile Boats Commissioned Ranks in Three Defence Services
Defence Production Units Research and Development Defence Awards
Media and Publishing
Newspapers - World Newspapers in India News Agencies
Important Awards - India & World
Bharat Ratna Padma Vibhushan Padma Bhushan
Padma Shri Param Vir Chakra Gallantry Awards
Dada Saheb Phalke Award National Bravery Award Jnanpith Award
Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Ramon Magasaysay Awards Nobel Prizes
Flora
Flora Biosphere Reserves Mangroves
Wetlands Coral Reefs
Fauna
Fauna Conservation of Wild Life National Parks
Wildlife Sanctuaries Project Tiger Project Elephant
Forests
Forests Forest Policy and Law Forest Fire Control
Forest Research & Training Zoos in India
Environment and Pollution
Environmental Impact Assessment Environment Legislation
Hazardous Substances Management Conservation of Water Bodies
International Cooperation Prevention and Control of Pollution
Central Pollution Control Board National Afforestation and Eco-Development Board
Environmental Research Programmes Environmental Information System
Environment - Fellowships and Awards Environment Organisations
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India - River side cities

City River State
Agra Yamuna UP
Ahmedabad Sabarmati Gujarat
Ayodhya Saryu UP
Badrinath Alaknanda Uttranchal
Kolkata Hooghly West Bengal
Cuttack Mahanadi Orissa
Delhi Yamuna Delhi
Dibrugarh Brhamputra Assam
Ferozpur Sutlej Punjab
Guwahati Brahmaputra Assam
Hardwar Ganga Uttranchal
Hyderabad Musi Telangana
Jabalpur Narmada Madhya Pradesh
Kanpur Ganga Uttar Pradesh
Kota Chambal Rajasthan
Lucknow Gomti Uttar Pradesh
Ludhiana Sutlej Punjab
Nasik Godavari Maharashtra
Pandharpur Bhima Maharashtra
Patna Ganga Bihar
Sambalpur Mahanadi Orissa
Srinagar Jhelum Jammu & Kashmir
Surat Tapti Gujarat
Tiruchirapalli Cauvery Tamil Nadu
Varanasi Ganga Uttar Pradesh
Vijaywada Krishna Andhra Pradesh

Last updated on: 25/09/2019

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Ladakh



Ladakh is a region administered by India as a union territory, and constituting a part of the larger region of Kashmir, which has been the subject of dispute between India, Pakistan, and China since 1947.


It is bordered by Tibet to the east, the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh to the south, Jammu and Kashmir and Baltistan to the west, and the southwest corner of Xinjiang across the Karakoram Pass in the far north.

It extends from the Siachen Glacier in the Karakoram range to the north to the main Great Himalayas to the south.

The eastern end of Ladakh, consisting of the uninhabited Aksai Chin plains, has been under Chinese control since 1962.

In the past Ladakh gained importance from its strategic location at the crossroads of important trade routes, but since the Chinese authorities closed the borders with Tibet and Central Asia in the 1960s, international trade has dwindled except for tourism.

Since 1974, the Government of India has successfully encouraged tourism in Ladakh. Since Ladakh is a part of the strategically important Kashmir region, the Indian military maintains a strong presence in the region.

Ladakh is divided into two districts: Kargil and Leh.

The largest town in Ladakh is Leh, followed by Kargil, each of which headquarters a district.

The Leh district contains the Indus, Shyok and Nubra river valleys. The Kargil district contains the Suru, Dras and Zanskar river valleys.

The main populated regions are the river valleys, but the mountain slopes also support the pastoral Changpa nomads.

The main religious groups in the region are Muslims (mainly Shia) (46%), Tibetan Buddhists (40%), Hindus (12%) and others (2%).

Ladakh is one of the most sparsely populated regions in India and its culture and history are closely related to that of Tibet. It is renowned for its remote mountain beauty and culture.

Until 2019, Ladakh was a region of the state of Jammu and Kashmir. In August 2019, the Parliament of India passed an act by which Ladakh became a union territory on 31 October 2019.

Under the terms of the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, Ladakh is administered as a union territory without a legislative assembly or elected government.

The head of government is a Lieutenant Governor appointed by the President of India who is assisted by civil servants of the Indian Administrative Service.

Ladakh is under the jurisdiction of the Jammu and Kashmir High Court.

The union territory of Ladakh has its own police force headed by a Director General of Police.


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Jammu and Kashmir

Jammu and Kashmir is a region administered by India as a union territory, and constituting the southern portion of the larger Kashmir region, which has been the subject of a dispute between India and Pakistan since 1947, and between India and China since 1962.

The region of Jammu and Kashmir is separated by the Line of Control from the Pakistani-administered territories of Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan in the west and north respectively.

It lies to the north of the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab and to the west of Ladakh, which is also subject to the dispute as a part of Kashmir, and administered by India as a union territory.

After the Government of India repealed the special status accorded to Jammu and Kashmir under Article 370 of the Indian constitution in 2019, the Parliament of India passed the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, which contained provisions that dissolved the state and reorganised it into two union territories – Jammu and Kashmir in the west and Ladakh in the east, with effect from 31 October 2019.

At the time of its dissolution, Jammu and Kashmir was the only state in India with a Muslim-majority population.

The act re-constituted the erstwhile state of Jammu and Kashmir into two union territories, Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh, with effect from 31 October 2019.

The union territory of Jammu and Kashmir consists of two divisions: Jammu Division and Kashmir Division, and is further divided into 20 districts.

Jammu and Kashmir is home to several valleys such as the Kashmir Valley, Tawi Valley, Chenab Valley, Poonch Valley, Sind Valley and Lidder Valley.

The Kashmir valley is 100 km (62 mi) wide and 15,520.3 km2 (5,992.4 sq mi) in area. The Himalayas divide the Kashmir valley from the Tibetan plateau while the Pir Panjal range, which encloses the valley from the west and the south, separates it from the Great Plains of northern India.

The Jhelum River is the major Himalayan river which flows through the Kashmir valley.

The Tawi, Ravi and Chenab are the major rivers flowing through the region.

The President of India appoints a Lieutenant Governor for the union territory.

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Bharat Ratna Award


The Bharat Ratna (Jewel of India) is the highest civilian award of the Republic of India.

Instituted in 2 January 1954, the award is conferred "in recognition of exceptional service/performance of the highest order", without distinction of race, occupation, position, or sex. The award was originally limited to achievements in the arts, literature, science, and public services, but the government expanded the criteria to include "any field of human endeavour" in December 2011.

The recommendations for the Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister to the President, with a maximum of three nominees being awarded per year. Recipients receive a Sanad (certificate) signed by the President and a peepal-leaf–shaped medallion; there is no monetary grant associated with the award. Bharat Ratna recipients rank seventh in the Indian order of precedence.

The first recipients of the Bharat Ratna was politician C. Rajagopalachari, philosopher Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, and scientist C. V. Raman, who were honoured in 1954. Since then, the award has been bestowed upon 48 individuals, including 14 who were awarded posthumously. The original statutes did not provide for posthumous awards but were amended in January 1955 to permit them.

Former Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri became the first individual to be honoured posthumously.

In 2014, cricketer Sachin Tendulkar, then aged 40, became the youngest recipient; while social reformer Dhondo Keshav Karve was awarded on his 100th birthday. Though usually conferred on India-born citizens, the Bharat Ratna has been awarded to one naturalised citizen, Mother Teresa, and to two non-Indians, Pakistan national Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan and former South African President Nelson Mandela.

On 25 January 2019, the government announced the award to social activist Nanaji Deshmukh (posthumously), singer-music director Bhupen Hazarika (posthumously) and to former President of India Pranab Mukherjee.

Several bestowals of the award have met with criticism. The posthumous award for M. G. Ramachandran (1988) was considered to have been aimed at placating the voters for the upcoming assembly election and posthumous awards of Madan Mohan Malaviya (2015) and Vallabhbhai Patel (1991) drew criticism for they died before the award was instituted.

History :

On 2 January 1954, a press communiqué was released from the office of the secretary to the President announcing the creation of two civilian awards—Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award, and the three-tier Padma Vibhushan, classified into "Pahela Warg" (Class I), "Dusra Warg" (Class II), and "Tisra Warg" (Class III), which rank below the Bharat Ratna. On 15 January 1955, the Padma Vibhushan was reclassified into three different awards; the Padma Vibhushan, the highest of the three, followed by the Padma Bhushan and the Padma Shri.

There is no formal provision that recipients of the Bharat Ratna should be Indian citizens. It has been awarded to a naturalised Indian citizen, Mother Teresa in 1980, and to two non-Indians, Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan of Pakistan in 1987 and the former South African president Nelson Mandela in 1990. M.S. Subbulakshmi from Tamil Nadu became the first musician to receive the honour. Sachin Tendulkar, at the age of 40, became the youngest person and first sportsperson to receive the honour. In a special ceremony on 18 April 1958, Dhondo Keshav Karve was awarded on his 100th birthday. As of 2015, the award has been conferred upon 45 people with 12 posthumous declarations.

The award was briefly suspended twice in its history. The first suspension occurred after Morarji Desai was sworn in as the fourth Prime Minister in 1977. His government withdrew all personal civil honours on 13 July 1977. The suspension was rescinded on 25 January 1980, after Indira Gandhi became the Prime Minister. The civilian awards were suspended again in mid-1992, when two Public-Interest Litigations were filed, one in the Kerala High Court and another in the Madhya Pradesh High Court, challenging the "constitutional validity" of the awards. The awards were reintroduced by the Supreme Court in December 1995, following the conclusion of the litigation.

YearLaureatesLocationNotes
1954C. RajagopalachariTamil NaduAn Indian independence activist, statesman, and lawyer, Rajagopalachari was the only Indian and last Governor-General of independent India. He was Chief Minister of Madras Presidency (1937–39) and Madras State (1952–54); and founder of Indian political party Swatantra Party
Sarvepalli RadhakrishnanAndhra PradeshPhilosopher Radhakrishnan served as India's first Vice-President (1952–62) and second President (1962–67). Since 1962, his birthday on 5 September is observed as "Teachers' Day" in India.
C. V. RamanTamil NaduWidely known for his work on the scattering of light and the discovery of the effect, better known as "Raman scattering", Raman mainly worked in the field of atomic physics and electromagnetism and was presented Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930.
1955Bhagwan DasUttar PradeshIndependence activist, philosopher, and educationist, Das is a co-founder of Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith and worked with Madan Mohan Malaviya for the foundation of Banaras Hindu University.
M. VisvesvarayaKarnatakaCivil engineer, statesman, and Diwan of Mysore (1912–18), Visvesvaraya was a Knight Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire. His birthday, 15 September, is observed as "Engineer's Day" in India.
Jawaharlal NehruUttar PradeshIndependence activist and author, Nehru is the first and the longest-serving Prime Minister of India (1947–64).
1957Govind Ballabh PantUttar PradeshIndependence activist Pant was premier of United Provinces (1937–39, 1946–50) and first Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh (1950–54). He served as Union Home Minister from 1955–61.
1958Dhondo Keshav KarveMaharashtraSocial reformer and educator, Karve is widely known for his works related to woman education and remarriage of Hindu widows. He established the Widow Marriage Association (1883), Hindu Widows Home (1896), and started Shreemati Nathibai Damodar Thackersey Women's University in 1916.
1961Bidhan Chandra RoyWest BengalA physician, political leader, philanthropist, educationist, and social worker, Roy is often considered as "Maker of Modern West Bengal". He was second Chief Minister of West Bengal (1948–62) and his birthday on 1 July is observed as National Doctors' Day in India.
Purushottam Das TandonUttar PradeshOften titled as "Rajarshi", Tandon was an independence activist and served as speaker of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly (1937–50). He was actively involved in a campaign to get official language status to Hindi.
1962Rajendra PrasadBiharIndependence activist, lawyer, statesman, and scholar, Prasad was closely associated with Mahatma Gandhi in the non-cooperation movement for Indian independence. He was later elected as the first President of India (1950–62).
1963Zakir HusainUttar PradeshIndependence activist and education philosopher, Husain served as a Vice Chancellor of Aligarh Muslim University (1948–56) and the Governor of Bihar (1957–62). Later, he was elected as second Vice-President of India (1962–67) and went on to become the third President of India (1967–69).
Pandurang Vaman KaneMaharashtraIndologist and Sanskrit scholar, Kane is best known for his five volume literary work, History of Dharmaśāstra: Ancient and Medieval Religious and Civil Law in India; the "monumental" work that extends over nearly 6,500 pages and being published from 1930 to 1962.
1966Lal Bahadur ShastriUttar PradeshKnown for his slogan "Jai Jawan Jai Kisan" ("Hail the Soldier, Hail the Farmer"), Independence activist Shastri served as second Prime Minister of India (1964–66) and led the country during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965.
1971Indira GandhiUttar PradeshKnown as the "Iron Lady of India", Gandhi was the Prime Minister of India during 1966–77 and 1980–84. During the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, her government supported Bangladesh Liberation War which led to the formation of a new country, Bangladesh.
1975V. V. GiriOdishaWhile studying at the University College Dublin, Giri was involved in the Irish Sinn Féin movement. Returning to India, he organized labour unions and brought them to take active participation in Indian freedom struggle. Post-independence, Giri held positions of Governor of Uttar Pradesh, Kerala and Mysore and various other cabinet ministries. He became the first acting President and was eventually elected as the fourth President of India (1969–74).
1976K. KamarajTamil NaduIndependence activist and statesman Kamaraj was a Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for three terms; 1954–57, 1957–62, and 1962–63.
1980Mother TeresaWest Bengal"Saint Mother Teresa of Calcutta" was a catholic nun and the founder of the Missionaries of Charity, a Roman Catholic religious congregation, Which manages homes for people who are dying of HIV/AIDS, leprosy and tuberculosis. She was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for her humanitarian work in 1979 and was beatified on 19 October 2003 by Pope John Paul II and canonised on 4 September 2016 by Pope Francis.
1983Vinoba BhaveMaharashtraIndependence activist, social reformer, and a close associate of Mahatma Gandhi, Bhave is best known for his Bhoodan movement, "Land-Gift Movement". He was given the honorific title "Acharya" ("teacher") and was awarded the Ramon Magsaysay Award (1958) for his humanitarian work.
1987Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan PakistanWidely known as "Frontier Gandhi", independence activist and Pashtun leader Khan was a follower of Mahatma Gandhi. He joined Khilafat Movement in 1920 and founded Khudai Khidmatgar ("Red Shirt movement") in 1929.
1988M. G. RamachandranTamil NaduActor turned politician Ramachandran served as Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for three terms; 1977–80, 1980–84, 1985–87.
1990Dr. B. R. AmbedkarMaharashtraSocial reformer and leader of the Dalits, Ambedkar was the Chief architect of the Indian Constitution and also served as the first Law Minister of India. Ambedkar predominantly campaigned against the social discrimination with Dalits, the Hindu varna system. He was associated with the Dalit Buddhist movement and accepted Buddhism as a religion along with his close to half a million followers on 14 October 1956.
Nelson Mandela South AfricaLeader of the Anti-Apartheid Movement in South Africa, Mandela was the President of South Africa (1994–99). Often called as the "Gandhi of South Africa", Mandela's African National Congress movement was influenced by Gandhian philosophy. In 1993, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
1991Rajiv GandhiUttar PradeshGandhi was the sixth Prime Minister of India serving from 1984 to 1989.
Vallabhbhai PatelGujaratWidely known as the "Iron Man of India", Patel was an independence activist and first Deputy Prime Minister of India (1947–50). Post independence, "Sardar" ("Leader") Patel worked with V. P. Menon towards dissolving 555 princely states into the Indian union.
Morarji DesaiGujaratIndependence activist Desai was the fourth Prime Minister of India (1977–79). He is the only Indian national to be awarded the Nishan-e-Pakistan, highest civilian award given by the Government of Pakistan.
1992Abul Kalam AzadWest BengalIndependence activist Azad was India's first Minister of Education and worked towards free primary education. He was widely known as "Maulana Azad" and his birthday on 11 November is observed as National Education Day in India.
J. R. D. TataMaharashtraIndustrialist, philanthropist, and aviation pioneer, Tata founded India's first airline Air India. He is the founder of various institutes including Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Tata Memorial Hospital, Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Tata Motors, TCS, National Institute of Advanced Studies, and National Centre for the Performing Arts.
Satyajit RayWest BengalHaving debuted as a director with Pather Panchali (1955), film-maker Ray is credited with bringing world recognition to Indian cinema. In 1984, Ray was awarded the Dadasaheb Phalke Award, India's highest award in cinema.
1997Gulzarilal NandaPunjabIndependence activist Nanda was two times interim Prime Minister of India (1964, 1966) and two times deputy chairman of the Planning Commission.
Aruna Asaf AliWest BengalIndependence activist Ali is better known for hoisting the Indian flag in Bombay during the Quit India Movement in 1942. Post Independence, Ali was elected as Delhi's first mayor in 1958.
A. P. J. Abdul KalamTamil NaduAerospace and defence scientist, Kalam was involved in the development of India's first satellite launch vehicle SLV III and was the architect of Integrated Guided Missile Development Program. He worked for Indian National Committee for Space Research, Indian Space Research Organisation, Defence Research and Development Laboratory and was appointed as the Scientific Advisor to the Defence Minister, Secretary to Department of Defence Research and Development and Director General of Defence Research and Development Organisation. Later, he served as the eleventh President of India from 2002 until 2007.
1998M. S. SubbulakshmiTamil NaduCarnatic classical vocalist Subbulakshmi was from Madurai, Tamil Nadu. She is known for her divine voice & often hailed as "Queen of songs",the first Indian musician to receive the Ramon Magsaysay award for her public service. She was honoured as a resident artist Asthana Vidhwan of Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams.Tirupati Urban Development Authority (TUDA) has installed a bronze statue of her in the city. Her many famous renditions include the chanting of Bhaja Govindam, Vishnu sahasranamam(1000 names of Vishnu),Hari Tuma Haro,Venkateswara Suprabhatam(musical hymns to awaken Lord Balaji early in the morning),Annamacharya Sankeerthanas & Tamil Tevaram. She also acted in a few Tamil films in her youth from 1938 - 1947. She donated many of the royalties on several best sold records to many charity organisations.
Chidambaram SubramaniamTamil NaduIndependence activist and former Minister of Agriculture of India (1964–66), Subramaniam is known for his contribution towards Green Revolution in India. During the late 1970s, he worked for International Rice Research Institute, Manila, and the International Maize and Wheat Research Institute, Mexico.
1999Jayaprakash NarayanBiharIndependence activist, social reformer, and commonly referred as "Lok Nayak" ("People's Hero"), Narayan is better known for "Total Revolution Movement" or "JP Movement" initiated during the mid-1970s to "overthrow the corrupt and exploitative Congress government".
Amartya SenWest BengalWinner of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (1998), Sen has done research over several topics including social choice theory, ethics and political philosophy, welfare economics, decision theory, development economics, public health, and gender studies.
Gopinath BordoloiAssamIndependence activist Bordoloi is the first Chief Minister of Assam (1946–50). His efforts and association with the then Minister of Home Affairs Vallabhbhai Patel were widely acknowledged while keeping Assam united with India when parts of it were to merge with East Pakistan.
Ravi ShankarWest BengalWinner of four Grammy Awards and often considered "the world's best-known exponent of Hindustani classical music", sitar player Shankar is known for his collaborative work with Western musicians including Yehudi Menuhin and George Harrison.
2001Lata MangeshkarMaharashtraWidely credited as the "nightingale of India", playback singer Mangeshkar started her career in the 1940s and has sung songs in over 36 languages. In 1989, Mangeshkar was awarded the Dadasaheb Phalke Award, India's highest award in cinema.
Bismillah KhanUttar PradeshHindustani classical shehnai player, Khan played the instrument for more than eight decades and is credited to have brought the instrument to the centre stage of Indian music.
2009Bhimsen JoshiKarnatakaHindustani classical vocalist, Joshi was a disciple of Kirana gharana, an Indian musical school. He is widely known for the Khyal genre of singing with a "mastery over rhythm and accurate notes".
2014C. N. R. RaoKarnatakaThe recipient of Honorary Doctorates from 63 Universities including Purdue, IIT Bombay, Oxford, chemist and professor Rao has worked prominently in the fields of Solid State and Materials Chemistry, Spectroscopy and Molecular Structure. He has authored around 1600 research papers and 48 books.
Sachin TendulkarMaharashtraHaving debuted in 1989, Tendulkar played 664 international cricket matches in a career spanning over two decades. He holds various cricket records including the only player to have scored one hundred international centuries, the first batsman to score a double century in a One Day International and the only player to complete more than 30,000 runs in both ODI and Test cricket.
2015Madan Mohan MalaviyaUttar PradeshScholar and educational reformer Malaviya is a founder of Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha (1906) and Banaras Hindu University and served as the university's vice-chancellor from 1919 until 1938. He was the President of Indian National Congress for four terms and was the Chairman of Hindustan Times from 1924 to 1946.
Atal Bihari VajpayeeMadhya PradeshParliamentarian for over four decades, Vajpayee was elected nine times to the Lok Sabha, twice to the Rajya Sabha and served as the Prime Minister of India for three terms; 1996, 1998, 1999–2004. He was Minister of External Affairs during 1977–79 and was awarded the "Best Parliamentarian" in 1994.
2019Pranab MukherjeeWest BengalMukherjee is an Indian politician who served as the 13th President of India from 2012 until 2017. In a political career spanning five decades, Mukherjee has been a senior leader in the Indian National Congress and has occupied several ministerial portfolios in the Government of India. Prior to his election as President, he was Union Finance Minister from 2009 to 2012.
Bhupen HazarikaAssamHazarika was an Indian playback singer, lyricist, musician, poet and film-maker from Assam, widely known as Sudhakantha. His songs, written and sung mainly in the Assamese language by himself, are marked by humanity and universal brotherhood and have been translated and sung in many languages, most notably in Bengali and Hindi.
Nanaji DeshmukhMaharashtraChandikadas Amritrao Deshmukh also known as Nanaji Deshmukh (11 October 1916 – 27 February 2010) was a social activist from India. He worked in the fields of education, health, and rural self-reliance. He was a leader of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh and also a member of the Rajya Sabha.

Last updated on: 24/10/2019

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